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dc.contributor.author Holt, Edward
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-17T15:36:27Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-17T15:36:27Z
dc.date.issued 2010-05-17T15:36:27Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/2518
dc.description Honors thesis. Winner of the William T. Laprade Prize. en_US
dc.description.abstract The record of Las Navas de Tolosa offers two competing narratives: one papal and the other monarchical. Both possessed claims to leadership; but which one actually led in this case? My thesis explores the ways in which the monarchy of Castile under Alfonso VIII and the papacy under Innocent III transformed crusade ideology through the incorporation of institutional ambitions into crusade records. Through the rhetoric and careful definition of unity, pilgrimage and penance, these two institutions presented different claims on the leadership of Las Navas de Tolosa and more importantly their identity as a power in medieval Europe. The medieval church was the dominant institution of the Middle Ages and Pope Innocent III was arguably its most powerful ruler. During Las Navas de Tolosa, Innocent III furthered the temporal reach of the see of St. Peter by promoting the papacy as the leader of crusade against all foes. King Alfonso VIII of Castile recognized the encroachment on his powers and contested the ideology with crusade ideology of his own. Not only did he combat the papal threat but also he elevated Castile as the principal kingdom of Spain. And, while each of the voices had their own agenda, they worked as one to form a Christian response to Miramolin, one of the largest threats to the medieval west. Through their changes to crusade ideology, they altered the landscape of monarchical and papal relations for the next three hundred years. en_US
dc.format.extent 766400 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Las Navas de Tolosa, Battle of, Spain, 1212. en_US
dc.subject Crusades. en_US
dc.subject Innocent III, Pope, 1160 or 61-1216. en_US
dc.subject Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, 1155-1214. en_US
dc.subject Troubadours. en_US
dc.title Out of Many, One?: the voice(s) in the crusade ideology of Las Navas de Tolosa en_US
dc.department History en_US

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