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dc.contributor.author Sindelar, JL
dc.contributor.author Duchovny, N
dc.contributor.author Falba, TA
dc.contributor.author Busch, SH
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-28T19:05:17Z
dc.date.issued 2005-04
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15791019
dc.identifier 14/2/99
dc.identifier.citation Tob Control, 2005, 14 (2), pp. 99 - 105
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/2630
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of smoking, quitting, and time since quit on absences from work. METHODS: Data from the nationally representative Tobacco Use Supplements of the 1992/93, 1995/96, and 1998/99 Current Population Surveys were used. The study included full time workers aged between 18-64 years, yielding a sample size of 383 778 workers. A binary indicator of absence due to sickness in the last week was analysed as a function of smoking status including time since quit for former smokers. Extensive demographic variables were included as controls in all models. RESULTS: In initial comparisons between current and former smokers, smoking increased absences, but quitting did not reduce them. However, when length of time since quit was examined, it was discovered that those who quit within the last year, and especially the last three months, had a much greater probability of absences than did current smokers. As the time since quitting increased, absences returned to a rate somewhere between that of never and current smokers. Interactions between health and smoking status significantly improved the fit of the model. CONCLUSIONS: Smokers who quit reduced their absences over time but increase their absences immediately after quitting. Quitting ill may account for some but not all of this short run impact.
dc.format.extent 99 - 105
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Tob Control
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1136/tc.2003.005884
dc.subject Absenteeism
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Health Status
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Odds Ratio
dc.subject Population Surveillance
dc.subject Regression Analysis
dc.subject Smoking
dc.subject Smoking Cessation
dc.subject Time Factors
dc.subject United States
dc.title If smoking increases absences, does quitting reduce them?
dc.type Journal Article
dc.department Economics
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15791019
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences/Economics
pubs.volume 14
dc.identifier.eissn 1468-3318

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