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dc.contributor.author Falba, T
dc.contributor.author Teng, HM
dc.contributor.author Sindelar, JL
dc.contributor.author Gallo, WT
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2010-12-08T20:49:57Z
dc.date.issued 2005-09
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16128722
dc.identifier ADD1150
dc.identifier.citation Addiction, 2005, 100 (9), pp. 1330 - 1339
dc.identifier.issn 0965-2140
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/2863
dc.description.abstract AIMS: To assess the impact of involuntary job loss due to plant closure or layoff on relapse to smoking and smoking intensity among older workers. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, SAMPLE: Data come from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of older Americans aged 51-61 in 1991 followed every 2 years beginning in 1992. The 3052 participants who were working at the initial wave and had any history of smoking comprise the main sample. METHODS: Primary outcomes are smoking relapse at wave 2 (1994) among baseline former smokers, and smoking quantity at wave 2 among baseline current smokers. As reported at the wave 2 follow-up, 6.8% of the sample experienced an involuntary job loss between waves 1 and 2. FINDINGS: Older workers have over two times greater odds of relapse subsequent to involuntary job loss than those who did not. Further, those who were current smokers prior to displacement that did not obtain new employment were found to be smoking more cigarettes, on average, post-job loss. CONCLUSIONS: The stress of job loss, along with other significant changes associated with leaving one's job, which would tend to increase cigarette consumption, must outweigh the financial hardship which would tend to reduce consumption. This highlights job loss as an important health risk factor for older smokers.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#039787), as part of the Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center at Yale. Other support includes a grant from the Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center at Yale (#P30AG21342), and a Career Development Grant from the National Institute on Aging (#K01AG021983). Excellent research assistance from Sin-How Lim and Shu Han is gratefully acknowledged. en_US
dc.format.extent 1330 - 1339
dc.language ENG
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Addiction
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01150.x
dc.subject Epidemiologic Methods
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Recurrence
dc.subject Smoking
dc.subject Smoking Cessation
dc.subject Stress, Psychological
dc.subject Unemployment
dc.subject United States
dc.title The effect of involuntary job loss on smoking intensity and relapse.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.department Economics
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16128722
pubs.issue 9
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences/Economics
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 100

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