The system will be going down for regular maintenance at 8:30 AM EST September 24, 2014. Expected downtime is less than 5 minutes.

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Crowder, Larry
dc.contributor.author Roth, Kelly
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-26T19:50:49Z
dc.date.available 2007-06-26T19:50:49Z
dc.date.issued 2007-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/316
dc.description.abstract The ivory tree coral, Oculina varicosa, is known to form reefs only in deep water (80-100 meters) off the central Atlantic coast of Florida. These unique reefs support high levels of biodiversity, and provide important spawning habitat for commercially important fish species such as snappers and groupers. The fragile, slow-growing Oculina reefs are easily destroyed by bottom trawls, and other types of bottom fishing gear. In 1984 the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council established the Oculina Habitat Area of Particular Concern (HAPC), banning all bottom trawling in a portion of the reef system. The protected area was expanded in 1994 to include most of the Oculina reefs. However, recent surveys showed that about 90% of the reefs have been destroyed, mainly by bottom trawling for rock shrimp. This project is an analysis of why the Oculina reefs are almost gone despite many years of protection, and what could be done to improve enforcement and protection of the Oculina HAPC. Information was collected from literature research, and conversations with several stakeholders and experts on issues relevant to the Oculina HAPC. Four main policy problems emerged: a historical lack of enforcement in the rock shrimp fishery, continuing lack of enforcement in the snapper grouper fishery, insufficient penalties for violations of the HAPC regulations, and a lack of funding for research, enforcement, education, and outreach. The pros and cons of six potential solutions to address these problems are discussed: (1) require VMS in the snapper grouper fishery; (2) establish acoustic monitoring systems in the OECA; (3) increase penalties for violations of the Oculina HAPC; (4) increase funding for research, enforcement, education, and outreach; (5) expand the Oculina HAPC; and (6) establish part or all of the Oculina HAPC as a National Marine Sanctuary. It is important to establish effective protections for the Oculina HAPC, not only to conserve the remaining Oculina reef ecosystems, but to learn how to prevent such widespread destruction of other deep-sea coral ecosystems. en
dc.format.extent 2888172 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.subject Ivory tree coral (Oculina varicosa) en
dc.subject Oculina Habitat Area of Particular Concern (HAPC) en
dc.subject Policy en
dc.subject Fisheries en
dc.title Can the last deep-sea Oculina coral reefs be saved?: A management analysis of the Oculina Habitat Area of Particular Concern en
dc.type Masters' Project
dc.department Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record