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dc.contributor.author Carter-Edwards, L
dc.contributor.author Bastian, LA
dc.contributor.author Revels, J
dc.contributor.author Durham, H
dc.contributor.author Lokhnygina, Y
dc.contributor.author Amamoo, MA
dc.contributor.author Ostbye, T
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-15T16:46:32Z
dc.date.issued 2010-02
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113143
dc.identifier.citation J Womens Health (Larchmt), 2010, 19 (2), pp. 305 - 311
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/3243
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Body image (BI) and body satisfaction may be important in understanding weight loss behaviors, particularly during the postpartum period. We assessed these constructs among African American and white overweight postpartum women. METHODS: The sample included 162 women (73 African American and 89 white) in the intervention arm 6 months into the Active Mothers Postpartum (AMP) Study, a nutritional and physical activity weight loss intervention. BIs, self-reported using the Stunkard figure rating scale, were compared assessing mean values by race. Body satisfaction was measured using body discrepancy (BD), calculated as perceived current image minus ideal image (BD<0: desire to be heavier; BD>0: desire to be lighter). BD was assessed by race for: BD(Ideal) (current image minus the ideal image) and BD(Ideal Mother) (current image minus ideal mother image). RESULTS: Compared with white women, African American women were younger and were less likely to report being married, having any college education, or residing in households with annual incomes >$30,000 (all p < 0.01). They also had a higher mean body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.04), although perceived current BI did not differ by race (p = 0.21). African Americans had higher mean ideal (p = 0.07) and ideal mother (p = 0.001) BIs compared with whites. African Americans' mean BDs (adjusting for age, BMI, education, income, marital status, and interaction terms) were significantly lower than those of whites, indicating greater body satisfaction among African Americans (BD(Ideal): 1.7 vs. 2.3, p = 0.005; BD(Ideal Mother): 1.1 vs. 1.8, p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: Racial differences exist in postpartum weight, ideal images, and body satisfaction. Healthcare providers should consider tailored messaging that accounts for these racially different perceptions and factors when designing weight loss programs for overweight mothers.
dc.format.extent 305 - 311
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof J Womens Health (Larchmt)
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1089/jwh.2008.1238
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject African Americans
dc.subject Body Image
dc.subject Educational Status
dc.subject European Continental Ancestry Group
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Income
dc.subject Mothers
dc.subject North Carolina
dc.subject Overweight
dc.subject Personal Satisfaction
dc.subject Postpartum Period
dc.title Body image and body satisfaction differ by race in overweight postpartum mothers.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-2-0 en_US
duke.description.endpage 311 en_US
duke.description.issue 2 en_US
duke.description.startpage 305 en_US
duke.description.volume 19 en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Womens Health en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113143
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Basic Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Basic Science Departments/Biostatistics & Bioinformatics
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments/Community and Family Medicine
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers/Duke Cancer Institute
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers/Duke Clinical Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Nursing
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Nursing/School of Nursing - Secondary Group
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 19
dc.identifier.eissn 1931-843X

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