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dc.contributor.author Khorsan, R
dc.contributor.author York, A
dc.contributor.author Coulter, ID
dc.contributor.author Wurzman, R
dc.contributor.author Walter, JA
dc.contributor.author Coeytaux, RR
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-15T16:46:18Z
dc.date.issued 2010-01
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20064021
dc.identifier.citation J Altern Complement Med, 2010, 16 (1), pp. 27 - 35
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/3330
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Outcome assessment can support the therapeutic process by providing a way to track symptoms and functionality over time, providing insights to clinicians and patients, as well as offering a common language to discuss patient behavior/functioning. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we examine the patient-based outcome assessment (PBOA) instruments that have been used to determine outcomes in acupuncture clinical research and highlight measures that are feasible, practical, economical, reliable, valid, and responsive to clinical change. The aims of this review were to assess and identify the commonly available PBOA measures, describe a framework for identifying appropriate sets of measures, and address the challenges associated with these measures and acupuncture. Instruments were evaluated in terms of feasibility, practicality, economy, reliability, validity, and responsiveness to clinical change. METHODS: This study was a systematic review. A total of 582 abstracts were reviewed using PubMed (from inception through April 2009). RESULTS: A total of 582 citations were identified. After screening of title/abstract, 212 articles were excluded. From the remaining 370 citations, 258 manuscripts identified explicit PBOA; 112 abstracts did not include any PBOA. The five most common PBOA instruments identified were the Visual Analog Scale, Symptom Diary, Numerical Pain Rating Scales, SF-36, and depression scales such as the Beck Depression Inventory. CONCLUSIONS: The way a questionnaire or scale is administered can have an effect on the outcome. Also, developing and validating outcome measures can be costly and difficult. Therefore, reviewing the literature on existing measures before creating or modifying PBOA instruments can significantly reduce the burden of developing a new measure.
dc.format.extent 27 - 35
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof J Altern Complement Med
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1089/acm.2009.0316
dc.subject Acupuncture Therapy
dc.subject Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
dc.subject Research
dc.title Patient-based outcome assessment instruments in acupuncture research.
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-1-0 en_US
duke.description.endpage 35 en_US
duke.description.issue 1 en_US
duke.description.startpage 27 en_US
duke.description.volume 16 en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20064021
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments/Community and Family Medicine
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Institutes and Centers/Duke Clinical Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Nursing
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Nursing/School of Nursing - Secondary Group
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 16
dc.identifier.eissn 1557-7708

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