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dc.contributor.author Alter, KJ
dc.contributor.author Helfer, LR
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:22:01Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09-01
dc.identifier.citation International Organization, 2010, 64 (4), pp. 563 - 592
dc.identifier.issn 0020-8183
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/3973
dc.description.abstract Are international courts power-seeking by nature, expanding the reach and scope of international rules and the courts' authority where permissive conditions allow? Or, does expansionist lawmaking require special nurturing? We investigate the relative influences of nature versus nurture by comparing expansionist lawmaking in the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ), the ECJ's jurisdictional cousin and the third most active international court. We argue that international judges are more likely to become expansionist lawmakers where they are supported by substate interlocutors and compliance constituencies, including government officials, advocacy networks, national judges, and administrative agencies. This comparison of two structurally identical international courts calls into question prevailing explanations of ECJ lawmaking, and it suggests that prevailing scholarship puts too much emphasis on the self-interested power-seeking of judges, the importance of institutional design features, and the preferences of governments to explain lawmaking by international courts. © 2010 The IO Foundation.
dc.format.extent 563 - 592
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof International Organization
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1017/S0020818310000238
dc.title Nature or nurture? Judicial lawmaking in the european court of justice and the Andean Tribunal of justice
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-00-00 en_US
duke.description.endpage 592 en_US
duke.description.issue 4 en_US
duke.description.startpage 563 en_US
duke.description.volume 64 en_US
dc.relation.journal International Organization en_US
pubs.declined 2014-08-07T19:40:03.622-0400
pubs.deleted 2014-08-07T19:40:03.729-0400
pubs.issue 4
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Duke Law School
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Duke Law School/School of Law - Secondary Group
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 64
dc.identifier.eissn 1531-5088

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