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dc.contributor.author Moffitt, TE
dc.contributor.author Caspi, A
dc.contributor.author Taylor, A
dc.contributor.author Kokaua, J
dc.contributor.author Milne, BJ
dc.contributor.author Polanczyk, G
dc.contributor.author Poulton, R
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:22:02Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19719899
dc.identifier S0033291709991036
dc.identifier.citation Psychol Med, 2010, 40 (6), pp. 899 - 909
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/3976
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Most information about the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders comes from retrospective surveys, but how much these surveys have undercounted due to recall failure is unknown. We compared results from a prospective study with those from retrospective studies. METHOD: The representative 1972-1973 Dunedin New Zealand birth cohort (n=1037) was followed to age 32 years with 96% retention, and compared to the national New Zealand Mental Health Survey (NZMHS) and two US National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS and NCS-R). Measures were research diagnoses of anxiety, depression, alcohol dependence and cannabis dependence from ages 18 to 32 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime disorder to age 32 was approximately doubled in prospective as compared to retrospective data for all four disorder types. Moreover, across disorders, prospective measurement yielded a mean past-year-to-lifetime ratio of 38% whereas retrospective measurement yielded higher mean past-year-to-lifetime ratios of 57% (NZMHS, NCS-R) and 65% (NCS). CONCLUSIONS: Prospective longitudinal studies complement retrospective surveys by providing unique information about lifetime prevalence. The experience of at least one episode of DSM-defined disorder during a lifetime may be far more common in the population than previously thought. Research should ask what this means for etiological theory, construct validity of the DSM approach, public perception of stigma, estimates of the burden of disease and public health policy.
dc.format.extent 899 - 909
dc.language ENG
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Psychol Med
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1017/S0033291709991036
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Alcoholism
dc.subject Anxiety Disorders
dc.subject Bias (Epidemiology)
dc.subject Cohort Studies
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject Depressive Disorder
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Health Surveys
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Interview, Psychological
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Marijuana Abuse
dc.subject Mental Disorders
dc.subject New Zealand
dc.subject Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
dc.subject Panic Disorder
dc.subject Phobic Disorders
dc.subject Prospective Studies
dc.subject Retrospective Studies
dc.subject Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.title How common are common mental disorders? Evidence that lifetime prevalence rates are doubled by prospective versus retrospective ascertainment.
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-6-0 en_US
duke.description.endpage 909 en_US
duke.description.issue 6 en_US
duke.description.startpage 899 en_US
duke.description.volume 40 en_US
dc.relation.journal Psychological medicine en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19719899
pubs.issue 6
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/University Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/University Institutes and Centers/Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy/Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy/Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy/Duke Population Research Institute/Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy/Duke Population Research Institute/Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments/Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/School of Medicine/Clinical Science Departments/Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences/Psychiatry, Child & Family Mental Health and Developmental Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences/Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 40
dc.identifier.eissn 1469-8978

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