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dc.contributor.author Lindner, A
dc.contributor.author Cairns, SD
dc.contributor.author Cunningham, CW
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:31:24Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-18
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18560569
dc.identifier.citation PLoS One, 2008, 3 (6), pp. e2429 - ?
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4496
dc.description.abstract Shallow-water tropical reefs and the deep sea represent the two most diverse marine environments. Understanding the origin and diversification of this biodiversity is a major quest in ecology and evolution. The most prominent and well-supported explanation, articulated since the first explorations of the deep sea, holds that benthic marine fauna originated in shallow, onshore environments, and diversified into deeper waters. In contrast, evidence that groups of marine organisms originated in the deep sea is limited, and the possibility that deep-water taxa have contributed to the formation of shallow-water communities remains untested with phylogenetic methods. Here we show that stylasterid corals (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae)--the second most diverse group of hard corals--originated and diversified extensively in the deep sea, and subsequently invaded shallow waters. Our phylogenetic results show that deep-water stylasterid corals have invaded the shallow-water tropics three times, with one additional invasion of the shallow-water temperate zone. Our results also show that anti-predatory innovations arose in the deep sea, but were not involved in the shallow-water invasions. These findings are the first robust evidence that an important group of tropical shallow-water marine animals evolved from deep-water ancestors.
dc.format.extent e2429 - ?
dc.language ENG
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1371/journal.pone.0002429
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Anthozoa
dc.subject Base Sequence
dc.subject Biological Evolution
dc.subject DNA Primers
dc.subject Marine Biology
dc.subject Phylogeny
dc.subject Polymerase Chain Reaction
dc.title From offshore to onshore: multiple origins of shallow-water corals from deep-sea ancestors.
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2008-6-18 en_US
duke.description.endpage e2429 en_US
duke.description.issue 6 en_US
duke.description.startpage e2429 en_US
duke.description.volume 3 en_US
dc.relation.journal Plos One en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18560569
pubs.issue 6
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Sanford School of Public Policy/Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences/Biology
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 3
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203

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