Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Finer, M
dc.contributor.author Jenkins, CN
dc.contributor.author Pimm, SL
dc.contributor.author Keane, B
dc.contributor.author Ross, C
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:31:24Z
dc.date.issued 2008-08-13
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18716679
dc.identifier.citation PLoS One, 2008, 3 (8), pp. e2932 - ?
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4501
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The western Amazon is the most biologically rich part of the Amazon basin and is home to a great diversity of indigenous ethnic groups, including some of the world's last uncontacted peoples living in voluntary isolation. Unlike the eastern Brazilian Amazon, it is still a largely intact ecosystem. Underlying this landscape are large reserves of oil and gas, many yet untapped. The growing global demand is leading to unprecedented exploration and development in the region. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We synthesized information from government sources to quantify the status of oil development in the western Amazon. National governments delimit specific geographic areas or "blocks" that are zoned for hydrocarbon activities, which they may lease to state and multinational energy companies for exploration and production. About 180 oil and gas blocks now cover approximately 688,000 km(2) of the western Amazon. These blocks overlap the most species-rich part of the Amazon. We also found that many of the blocks overlap indigenous territories, both titled lands and areas utilized by peoples in voluntary isolation. In Ecuador and Peru, oil and gas blocks now cover more than two-thirds of the Amazon. In Bolivia and western Brazil, major exploration activities are set to increase rapidly. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Without improved policies, the increasing scope and magnitude of planned extraction means that environmental and social impacts are likely to intensify. We review the most pressing oil- and gas-related conservation policy issues confronting the region. These include the need for regional Strategic Environmental Impact Assessments and the adoption of roadless extraction techniques. We also consider the conflicts where the blocks overlap indigenous peoples' territories.
dc.format.extent e2932 - ?
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1371/journal.pone.0002932
dc.subject Agriculture
dc.subject Bolivia
dc.subject Brazil
dc.subject Colombia
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Environment
dc.subject Forecasting
dc.subject Forestry
dc.subject Fossil Fuels
dc.subject Fuel Oils
dc.subject Peru
dc.subject Petroleum
dc.subject Rivers
dc.subject Trees
dc.title Oil and gas projects in the Western Amazon: threats to wilderness, biodiversity, and indigenous peoples.
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2008-8-13 en_US
duke.description.endpage e2932 en_US
duke.description.issue 8 en_US
duke.description.startpage e2932 en_US
duke.description.volume 3 en_US
dc.relation.journal Plos One en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18716679
pubs.issue 8
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Nicholas School of the Environment/Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 3
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record