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dc.contributor.author Jenkins, Dr Clinton en_US
dc.contributor.author Pitman, Nigel en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:31:27Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-21T17:31:27Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Bass,Margot S.;Finer,Matt;Jenkins,Clinton N.;Kreft,Holger;Cisneros-Heredia,Diego F.;McCracken,Shawn F.;Pitman,Nigel C. A.;English,Peter H.;Swing,Kelly;Villa,Gorky;Di Fiore,Anthony;Voigt,Christian C.;Kunz,Thomas H.. 2010. Global Conservation Significance of Ecuador's Yasuni National Park. Plos One 5(1): e8767-e8767. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4521
dc.description.abstract Background: The threats facing Ecuador's Yasuni National Park are emblematic of those confronting the greater western Amazon, one of the world's last high-biodiversity wilderness areas. Notably, the country's second largest untapped oil reserves-called "ITT''-lie beneath an intact, remote section of the park. The conservation significance of Yasuni may weigh heavily in upcoming state-level and international decisions, including whether to develop the oil or invest in alternatives. Methodology/Principal Findings: We conducted the first comprehensive synthesis of biodiversity data for Yasuni. Mapping amphibian, bird, mammal, and plant distributions, we found eastern Ecuador and northern Peru to be the only regions in South America where species richness centers for all four taxonomic groups overlap. This quadruple richness center has only one viable strict protected area (IUCN levels I-IV): Yasuni. The park covers just 14% of the quadruple richness center's area, whereas active or proposed oil concessions cover 79%. Using field inventory data, we compared Yasuni's local (alpha) and landscape (gamma) diversity to other sites, in the western Amazon and globally. These analyses further suggest that Yasuni is among the most biodiverse places on Earth, with apparent world richness records for amphibians, reptiles, bats, and trees. Yasuni also protects a considerable number of threatened species and regional endemics. Conclusions/Significance: Yasuni has outstanding global conservation significance due to its extraordinary biodiversity and potential to sustain this biodiversity in the long term because of its 1) large size and wilderness character, 2) intact large-vertebrate assemblage, 3) IUCN level-II protection status in a region lacking other strict protected areas, and 4) likelihood of maintaining wet, rainforest conditions while anticipated climate change-induced drought intensifies in the eastern Amazon. However, further oil development in Yasuni jeopardizes its conservation values. These findings form the scientific basis for policy recommendations, including stopping any new oil activities and road construction in Yasuni and creating areas off-limits to large-scale development in adjacent northern Peru. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008767 en_US
dc.subject forest bird community en_US
dc.subject vascular plant diversity en_US
dc.subject neotropical en_US
dc.subject rain-forest en_US
dc.subject upper amazonian forests en_US
dc.subject tree alpha-diversity en_US
dc.subject species en_US
dc.subject richness en_US
dc.subject biodiversity hotspots en_US
dc.subject climate-change en_US
dc.subject batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis en_US
dc.subject primate community en_US
dc.subject biology en_US
dc.subject multidisciplinary sciences en_US
dc.title Global Conservation Significance of Ecuador's Yasuni National Park en_US
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-1-19 en_US
duke.description.endpage e8767 en_US
duke.description.issue 1 en_US
duke.description.startpage e8767 en_US
duke.description.volume 5 en_US
dc.relation.journal Plos One en_US

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