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dc.contributor.author Herrmann, E
dc.contributor.author Hare, B
dc.contributor.author Call, J
dc.contributor.author Tomasello, M
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:32:13Z
dc.date.issued 2010-08-27
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20806062
dc.identifier.citation PLoS One, 2010, 5 (8), pp. e12438 - ?
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4567
dc.description.abstract While bonobos and chimpanzees are both genetically and behaviorally very similar, they also differ in significant ways. Bonobos are more cautious and socially tolerant while chimpanzees are more dependent on extractive foraging, which requires tools. The similarities suggest the two species should be cognitively similar while the behavioral differences predict where the two species should differ cognitively. We compared both species on a wide range of cognitive problems testing their understanding of the physical and social world. Bonobos were more skilled at solving tasks related to theory of mind or an understanding of social causality, while chimpanzees were more skilled at tasks requiring the use of tools and an understanding of physical causality. These species differences support the role of ecological and socio-ecological pressures in shaping cognitive skills over relatively short periods of evolutionary time.
dc.format.extent e12438 - ?
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1371/journal.pone.0012438
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Cognition
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Pan paniscus
dc.subject Pan troglodytes
dc.subject Sex Characteristics
dc.subject Temperament
dc.title Differences in the cognitive skills of bonobos and chimpanzees.
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
duke.date.pubdate 2010-8-27 en_US
duke.description.endpage e12438 en_US
duke.description.issue 8 en_US
duke.description.startpage e12438 en_US
duke.description.volume 5 en_US
dc.relation.journal Plos One en_US
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20806062
pubs.issue 8
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/Initiatives/Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/University Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/University Institutes and Centers/Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/University Institutes and Centers/Duke Institute for Brain Sciences/Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Trinity College of Arts & Sciences/Evolutionary Anthropology
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 5
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203

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