Show simple item record Van Der Werf, GR Randerson, JT Giglio, L Collatz, GJ Mu, M Kasibhatla, PS Morton, DC Defries, RS Jin, Y Van Leeuwen, TT 2011-06-21T17:32:25Z 2010-12-20
dc.identifier.citation Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2010, 10 (23), pp. 11707 - 11735
dc.identifier.issn 1680-7316
dc.description.abstract New burned area datasets and top-down constraints from atmospheric concentration measurements of pyrogenic gases have decreased the large uncertainty in fire emissions estimates. However, significant gaps remain in our understanding of the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural waste, and peat fires to total global fire emissions. Here we used a revised version of the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford-Approach (CASA) biogeochemical model and improved satellite-derived estimates of area burned, fire activity, and plant productivity to calculate fire emissions for the 1997-2009 period on a 0.5° spatial resolution with a monthly time step. For November 2000 onwards, estimates were based on burned area, active fire detections, and plant productivity from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor. For the partitioning we focused on the MODIS era. We used maps of burned area derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) and Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) active fire data prior to MODIS (1997-2000) and estimates of plant productivity derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) observations during the same period. Average global fire carbon emissions according to this version 3 of the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED3) were 2.0 PgC year-1 with significant interannual variability during 1997-2001 (2.8 Pg Cyear-1 in 1998 and 1.6 PgC year-1 in 2001). Globally, emissions during 2002-2007 were rela-tively constant (around 2.1 Pg C year-1) before declining in 2008 (1.7 Pg Cyear-1) and 2009 (1.5 PgC year-1) partly due to lower deforestation fire emissions in South America and tropical Asia. On a regional basis, emissions were highly variable during 2002-2007 (e.g., boreal Asia, South America, and Indonesia), but these regional differences canceled out at a global level. During the MODIS era (2001-2009), most carbon emissions were from fires in grasslands and savannas (44%) with smaller contributions from tropical deforestation and degradation fires (20%), woodland fires (mostly confined to the tropics, 16%), forest fires (mostly in the extratropics, 15%), agricultural waste burning (3%), and tropical peat fires (3%). The contribution from agricultural waste fires was likely a lower bound because our approach for measuring burned area could not detect all of these relatively small fires. Total carbon emissions were on average 13% lower than in our previous (GFED2) work. For reduced trace gases such as CO and CH4, deforestation, degradation, and peat fires were more important contributors because of higher emissions of reduced trace gases per unit carbon combusted compared to savanna fires. Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation, degradation, and peatland fires were on average 0.5 PgC year-1. The carbon emissions from these fires may not be balanced by regrowth following fire. Our results provide the first global assessment of the contribution of different sources to total global fire emissions for the past decade, and supply the community with an improved 13-year fire emissions time series. © 2010 Author(s).
dc.format.extent 11707 - 11735
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
dc.relation.isversionof 10.5194/acp-10-11707-2010
dc.title Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997-2009)
dc.title.alternative en_US
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US 2010-00-00 en_US
duke.description.endpage 11735 en_US
duke.description.issue 23 en_US
duke.description.startpage 11707 en_US
duke.description.volume 10 en_US
dc.relation.journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics en_US
pubs.issue 23
pubs.organisational-group /Duke
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Institutes and Provost's Academic Units/Initiatives/Energy Initiative
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Nicholas School of the Environment/Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Pratt School of Engineering
pubs.organisational-group /Duke/Pratt School of Engineering/Civil and Environmental Engineering
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 10
dc.identifier.eissn 1680-7324

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