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dc.contributor.advisor Robinson, David T en_US
dc.contributor.author Borochin, Paul Alexander en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-29T16:42:47Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-29T16:42:47Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5669
dc.description Dissertation en_US
dc.description.abstract <p>The first essay of my dissertation introduces a new method for eliciting market beliefs about the expected outcomes of a merger negotiation after announcement. During a merger negotiation, the market prices of the firms involved</p><p>reflect beliefs about their values both in the merged and</p><p>standalone states, as well as the likelihood of either outcome.</p><p>These beliefs determine stock price reactions to news of a possible</p><p>merger, but those prices alone do not contain sufficient information</p><p>to identify the latent beliefs that they reflect. I develop a new</p><p>method which, by using additional data in the form of option prices,</p><p>is able to identify these beliefs. This method allows for a clear</p><p>decomposition of a negotiating firm's expected value change into two</p><p>parts: the value of the transaction to the firm, and new information</p><p>about its standalone value. Previous research into estimating</p><p>merger synergies has struggled to obtain an appropriate alternative</p><p>against which to measure the realized outcome. The market's beliefs</p><p>about state-contingent firm values give an estimate of both. Through</p><p>a direct comparison of the estimates of a firm's value in both the</p><p>merged and standalone states, I obtain a strong, practical measure</p><p>of the expected value-creating potential of a merger before its</p><p>consummation.</p><p>The second essay applies the state-contingent payoff estimation method developed previously to addressing questions about the size effect in mergers. A growing body of evidence indicates that large acquisitions destroy value. However, we do not yet know why. Several theories have been advanced, but their effects are difficult to observe in isolation. It has thus been impossible to tell whether negative post-announcement acquirer returns are caused by market expectations of value-destroying acquisitions or revealed bad news about standalone value. This paper resolves this issue by decomposing expectations about merger outcomes into expected value change from completing the acquisition and revision of beliefs about standalone firm value. The data show that deal size is correlated with value destruction, while acquirer size is correlated with release of unfavorable information. Deal size correlates with value destruction, acquirer size with bad news about the firm. Furthermore, the results suggest that overpayment is a prerequisite for large acquisitions. These findings reduce the set of possible theoretical explanations for the size effect.</p> en_US
dc.subject Economics, Finance en_US
dc.subject acquisitions en_US
dc.subject mergers en_US
dc.subject options en_US
dc.subject value en_US
dc.title Essays on Using Options to Elicit Market Beliefs about Mergers en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.department Business Administration en_US

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