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dc.contributor.author Miranda, Marie Lynn
dc.contributor.author Edwards, Sharon
dc.contributor.author Swamy, Geeta Krishna
dc.contributor.author Paul, Christopher
dc.contributor.author Neelon, Brian Hugh
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-01T20:10:55Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-01T20:10:55Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-01
dc.identifier.citation Miranda, M.L.; Edwards, S.E.; Swamy, G.K.; Paul, C.J.; Neelon, B. Blood Lead Levels Among Pregnant Women: Historical Versus Contemporaneous Exposures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1508-1519.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5976
dc.description.abstract Blood lead among pregnant women, even at modest levels, may impair offspring cognitive development. We examine whether blood lead levels (BLLs) result from current versus historic exposures, among a cohort of pregnant women. Cumulative logit models were used to characterize the relationship between maternal risk factors and higher BLLs. Maternal blood lead levels more likely result from lead remobilization from historic versus contemporaneous exposures. Even if all lead sources were abated immediately, women and their fetuses would experience lead exposure for decades. This work emphasizes the importance of addressing sources of environmental lead exposure in the United States and internationally. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries doi:10.3390/ijerph7041508;
dc.subject blood lead en_US
dc.subject pregnancy en_US
dc.subject birth outcomes en_US
dc.subject lead exposure en_US
dc.title Blood Lead Levels Among Pregnant Women: Historical Versus Contemporaneous Exposures en_US
dc.type Article en_US
duke.description.endpage 1519 en_US
duke.description.issue 4 en_US
duke.description.startpage 1508 en_US
duke.description.volume 7 en_US
dc.relation.journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health en_US

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