# Browsing by Author "Dubreuil, Alexis M"

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Item Open Access Memory capacity of networks with stochastic binary synapses.(PLoS Comput Biol, 2014-08) Dubreuil, Alexis M; Amit, Yali; Brunel, NicolasIn standard attractor neural network models, specific patterns of activity are stored in the synaptic matrix, so that they become fixed point attractors of the network dynamics. The storage capacity of such networks has been quantified in two ways: the maximal number of patterns that can be stored, and the stored information measured in bits per synapse. In this paper, we compute both quantities in fully connected networks of N binary neurons with binary synapses, storing patterns with coding level [Formula: see text], in the large [Formula: see text] and sparse coding limits ([Formula: see text]). We also derive finite-size corrections that accurately reproduce the results of simulations in networks of tens of thousands of neurons. These methods are applied to three different scenarios: (1) the classic Willshaw model, (2) networks with stochastic learning in which patterns are shown only once (one shot learning), (3) networks with stochastic learning in which patterns are shown multiple times. The storage capacities are optimized over network parameters, which allows us to compare the performance of the different models. We show that finite-size effects strongly reduce the capacity, even for networks of realistic sizes. We discuss the implications of these results for memory storage in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex.Item Open Access Storing structured sparse memories in a multi-modular cortical network model.(Journal of computational neuroscience, 2016-04) Dubreuil, Alexis M; Brunel, NicolasWe study the memory performance of a class of modular attractor neural networks, where modules are potentially fully-connected networks connected to each other via diluted long-range connections. On this anatomical architecture we store memory patterns of activity using a Willshaw-type learning rule. P patterns are split in categories, such that patterns of the same category activate the same set of modules. We first compute the maximal storage capacity of these networks. We then investigate their error-correction properties through an exhaustive exploration of parameter space, and identify regions where the networks behave as an associative memory device. The crucial parameters that control the retrieval abilities of the network are (1) the ratio between the number of synaptic contacts of long- and short-range origins (2) the number of categories in which a module is activated and (3) the amount of local inhibition. We discuss the relationship between our model and networks of cortical patches that have been observed in different cortical areas.