# Browsing by Author "Ikeda, Harukuni"

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Item Open Access Finite-size effects in the microscopic critical properties of jammed configurations: A comprehensive study of the effects of different types of disorder.(Physical review. E, 2021-07) Charbonneau, Patrick; Corwin, Eric I; Dennis, R Cameron; Díaz Hernández Rojas, Rafael; Ikeda, Harukuni; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, FedericoJamming criticality defines a universality class that includes systems as diverse as glasses, colloids, foams, amorphous solids, constraint satisfaction problems, neural networks, etc. A particularly interesting feature of this class is that small interparticle forces (f) and gaps (h) are distributed according to nontrivial power laws. A recently developed mean-field (MF) theory predicts the characteristic exponents of these distributions in the limit of very high spatial dimension, d→∞ and, remarkably, their values seemingly agree with numerical estimates in physically relevant dimensions, d=2 and 3. These exponents are further connected through a pair of inequalities derived from stability conditions, and both theoretical predictions and previous numerical investigations suggest that these inequalities are saturated. Systems at the jamming point are thus only marginally stable. Despite the key physical role played by these exponents, their systematic evaluation has yet to be attempted. Here, we carefully test their value by analyzing the finite-size scaling of the distributions of f and h for various particle-based models for jamming. Both dimension and the direction of approach to the jamming point are also considered. We show that, in all models, finite-size effects are much more pronounced in the distribution of h than in that of f. We thus conclude that gaps are correlated over considerably longer scales than forces. Additionally, remarkable agreement with MF predictions is obtained in all but one model, namely near-crystalline packings. Our results thus help to better delineate the domain of the jamming universality class. We furthermore uncover a secondary linear regime in the distribution tails of both f and h. This surprisingly robust feature is understood to follow from the (near) isostaticity of our configurations.Item Open Access Interplay between percolation and glassiness in the random Lorentz gas.(Physical review. E, 2021-03) Biroli, Giulio; Charbonneau, Patrick; Corwin, Eric I; Hu, Yi; Ikeda, Harukuni; Szamel, Grzegorz; Zamponi, FrancescoThe random Lorentz gas (RLG) is a minimal model of transport in heterogeneous media that exhibits a continuous localization transition controlled by void space percolation. The RLG also provides a toy model of particle caging, which is known to be relevant for describing the discontinuous dynamical transition of glasses. In order to clarify the interplay between the seemingly incompatible percolation and caging descriptions of the RLG, we consider its exact mean-field solution in the infinite-dimensional d→∞ limit and perform numerics in d=2...20. We find that for sufficiently high d the mean-field caging transition precedes and prevents the percolation transition, which only happens on timescales diverging with d. We further show that activated processes related to rare cage escapes destroy the glass transition in finite dimensions, leading to a rich interplay between glassiness and percolation physics. This advance suggests that the RLG can be used as a toy model to develop a first-principle description of particle hopping in structural glasses.Item Open Access Mean-Field Caging in a Random Lorentz Gas.(The journal of physical chemistry. B, 2021-06-07) Biroli, Giulio; Charbonneau, Patrick; Hu, Yi; Ikeda, Harukuni; Szamel, Grzegorz; Zamponi, FrancescoThe random Lorentz gas (RLG) is a minimal model of both percolation and glassiness, which leads to a paradox in the infinite-dimensional,*d*→ ∞ limit: the localization transition is then expected to be*continuous*for the former and*discontinuous*for the latter. As a putative resolution, we have recently suggested that, as*d*increases, the behavior of the RLG converges to the glassy description and that percolation physics is recovered thanks to finite-*d*perturbative and nonperturbative (instantonic) corrections [Biroli et al.*Phys. Rev. E*2021, 103, L030104]. Here, we expand on the*d*→ ∞ physics by considering a simpler static solution as well as the dynamical solution of the RLG. Comparing the 1/*d*correction of this solution with numerical results reveals that even perturbative corrections fall out of reach of existing theoretical descriptions. Comparing the dynamical solution with the mode-coupling theory (MCT) results further reveals that, although key quantitative features of MCT are far off the mark, it does properly capture the discontinuous nature of the*d*→ ∞ RLG. These insights help chart a path toward a complete description of finite-dimensional glasses.