# Browsing by Author "Newhall, KA"

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Item Open Access Limiting Behaviors of High Dimensional Stochastic Spin EnsembleGao, Y; Kirkpatrick, K; Marzuola, J; Mattingly, J; Newhall, KALattice spin models in statistical physics are used to understand magnetism. Their Hamiltonians are a discrete form of a version of a Dirichlet energy, signifying a relationship to the Harmonic map heat flow equation. The Gibbs distribution, defined with this Hamiltonian, is used in the Metropolis-Hastings (M-H) algorithm to generate dynamics tending towards an equilibrium state. In the limiting situation when the inverse temperature is large, we establish the relationship between the discrete M-H dynamics and the continuous Harmonic map heat flow associated with the Hamiltonian. We show the convergence of the M-H dynamics to the Harmonic map heat flow equation in two steps: First, with fixed lattice size and proper choice of proposal size in one M-H step, the M-H dynamics acts as gradient descent and will be shown to converge to a system of Langevin stochastic differential equations (SDE). Second, with proper scaling of the inverse temperature in the Gibbs distribution and taking the lattice size to infinity, it will be shown that this SDE system converges to the deterministic Harmonic map heat flow equation. Our results are not unexpected, but show remarkable connections between the M-H steps and the SDE Stratonovich formulation, as well as reveal trajectory-wise out of equilibrium dynamics to be related to a canonical PDE system with geometric constraints.Item Open Access Nonlocal stochastic-partial-differential-equation limits of spatially correlated noise-driven spin systems derived to sample a canonical distribution(Physical Review E, 2020-11-09) Gao, Y; Marzuola, JL; Mattingly, JC; Newhall, KA© 2020 American Physical Society. For a noisy spin system, we derive a nonlocal stochastic version of the overdamped Landau-Lipshitz equation designed to respect the underlying Hamiltonian structure and sample the canonical or Gibbs distribution while being driven by spatially correlated (colored) noise that regularizes the dynamics, making this Stochastic partial differential equation mathematically well-posed. We begin from a microscopic discrete-time model motivated by the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm for a finite number of spins with periodic boundary conditions whose values are distributed on the unit sphere. We thus propose a future state of the system by adding to each spin colored noise projected onto the sphere, and then accept this proposed state with probability given by the ratio of the canonical distribution at the proposed and current states. For uncorrelated (white) noise this process is guaranteed to sample the canonical distribution. We demonstrate that for colored noise, the method used to project the noise onto the sphere and conserve the magnitude of the spins impacts the equilibrium distribution of the system, as coloring projected noise is not equivalent to projecting colored noise. In a specific scenario we show this break in symmetry vanishes with vanishing proposal size; the resulting continuous-time system of Stochastic differential equations samples the canonical distribution and preserves the magnitude of the spins while being driven by colored noise. Taking the continuum limit of infinitely many spins we arrive at the aforementioned version of the overdamped Landau-Lipshitz equation. Numerical simulations are included to verify convergence properties and demonstrate the dynamics.