Browsing by Author "Rogerson, K"
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Item Open AccessA Policymaking Process "Tug-of-War": National Information Security Policies in Comparative Perspective(Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 2013-10-01) Rogerson, K; Milton, DThere is tension between the ideal of government transparency and the need to protect vital information. What types of information do governments protect on national security grounds? What arguments do governments use to justify the protection of this information? What will influence an open government information policy as opposed to a closed information policy? Through an examination of more than 250 information security-related policies from around the world, it is clear that (a) all governments limit the flows of information, (b) there are different reasons for this, and (c) the reasons are not always correlated to government type. In other words, sometimes democracies and authoritarian countries limit the same types of information issues. The policies and policy discussions are dependent on a variety of actors and which actor(s) wield the strongest influence at the time, which makes them often get caught up in a policy "tug-of-war" that most often results in incremental policy change and implementation. © 2013 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Item Open AccessThe Transparency Game: Government Information, Access, and Actionability(Philosophy and Technology, 2020-03-01) Vakarelov, O; Rogerson, KDemocratic governments might be required by law to disseminate information to the people. This is called governmental transparency. What is the burden of transparency? We propose a “pragmatic information theory of communication” that places information accessibility as a foundation of transparency. Using a game model—the Transparency Game—we show that the pragmatic theory is the only one that makes it difficult for governments to appear transparent (transparency de vidi) while not actually being transparent (transparency de facto). There are two important consequences of understanding transparency through the theory: (1) Accessible information must be actionable, and (2) cognitive science plays a vital role in assessing the accessibility of information. These consequences can have implications for public policies that promote transparency.