# Browsing by Author "Vafaee, F"

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Item Open Access (1,1) L-space knots(COMPOSITIO MATHEMATICA, 2018-05-01) Greene, JE; Lewallen, S; Vafaee, FWe characterize the (1, 1) knots in the three-sphere and lens spaces that admit non-trivial L-space surgeries. As a corollary, 1-bridge braids in these manifolds admit non- trivial L-space surgeries. We also recover a characterization of the Berge manifold amongst 1-bridge braid exteriors.Item Open Access A slicing obstruction from the $\frac {10}{8}$ theorem(Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 2016-08-29) Donald, A; Vafaee, F© 2016 American Mathematical Society. From Furuta’s 10/8 theorem, we derive a smooth slicing obstruction for knots in S3 using a spin 4-manifold whose boundary is 0-surgery on a knot. We show that this obstruction is able to detect torsion elements in the smooth concordance group and find topologically slice knots which are not smoothly slice.Item Open Access Berge–Gabai knots and L–space satellite operations(Algebraic & Geometric Topology, 2015-01-15) Hom, J; Lidman, T; Vafaee, F© 2014 Mathematical Sciences Publishers. All rights reserved. Let P(K) be a satellite knot where the pattern P is a Berge–Gabai knot (ie a knot in the solid torus with a nontrivial solid torus Dehn surgery) and the companion K is a nontrivial knot in S3. We prove that P(K) is an L–space knot if and only if K is an L–space knot and P is sufficiently positively twisted relative to the genus of K. This generalizes the result for cables due to Hedden [13] and Hom [17].Item Open Access Null surgery on knots in L-spacesNi, Y; Vafaee, FLet $K$ be a knot in an L-space $Y$ with a Dehn surgery to a surface bundle over $S^1$. We prove that $K$ is rationally fibered, that is, the knot complement admits a fibration over $S^1$. As part of the proof, we show that if $K\subset Y$ has a Dehn surgery to $S^1 \times S^2$, then $K$ is rationally fibered. In the case that $K$ admits some $S^1 \times S^2$ surgery, $K$ is Floer simple, that is, the rank of $\hat{HFK}(Y,K)$ is equal to the order of $H_1(Y)$. By combining the latter two facts, we deduce that the induced contact structure on the ambient manifold $Y$ is tight. In a different direction, we show that if $K$ is a knot in an L-space $Y$, then any Thurston norm minimizing rational Seifert surface for $K$ extends to a Thurston norm minimizing surface in the manifold obtained by the null surgery on $K$ (i.e., the unique surgery on $K$ with $b_1>0$).Item Open Access On L-space knots obtained from unknotting arcs in alternating diagramsDonald, A; McCoy, D; Vafaee, FLet $D$ be a diagram of an alternating knot with unknotting number one. The branched double cover of $S^3$ branched over $D$ is an L-space obtained by half integral surgery on a knot $K_D$. We denote the set of all such knots $K_D$ by $\mathcal D$. We characterize when $K_D\in \mathcal D$ is a torus knot, a satellite knot or a hyperbolic knot. In a different direction, we show that for a given $n>0$, there are only finitely many L-space knots in $\mathcal D$ with genus less than $n$.Item Open Access On the Knot Floer Homology of Twisted Torus Knots(International Mathematics Research Notices, 2015) Vafaee, F© 2014 The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. In this paper, we study the knot Floer homology of a subfamily of twisted (p,q) torus knots where q=plusmn;1 (mod p). Specifically, we classify the knots in this subfamily that admit L-space surgeries. To do calculations, we use the fact that these knots are (1,1) knots and, therefore, admit a genus one Heegaard diagram.Item Open Access Seifert surfaces distinguished by sutured Floer homology but not its Euler characteristic(Topology and its Applications, 2015-04) Vafaee, F© 2015 Elsevier B.V. In this paper we find a family of knots with trivial Alexander polynomial, and construct two non-isotopic Seifert surfaces for each member in our family. In order to distinguish the surfaces we study the sutured Floer homology invariants of the sutured manifolds obtained by cutting the knot complements along the Seifert surfaces. Our examples provide the first use of sutured Floer homology, and not merely its Euler characteristic (a classical torsion), to distinguish Seifert surfaces. Our technique uses a version of Floer homology, called ". longitude Floer homology" in a way that enables us to bypass the computations related to the SFH of the complement of a Seifert surface.Item Open Access The prism manifold realization problemBallinger, W; Hsu, CCY; Mackey, W; Ni, YI; Ochse, T; Vafaee, FThe spherical manifold realization problem asks which spherical three-manifolds arise from surgeries on knots in $S^3$. In recent years, the realization problem for C, T, O, and I-type spherical manifolds has been solved, leaving the D-type manifolds (also known as the prism manifolds) as the only remaining case. Every prism manifold can be parametrized as $P(p,q)$, for a pair of relatively prime integers $p>1$ and $q$. We determine a complete list of prism manifolds $P(p, q)$ that can be realized by positive integral surgeries on knots in $S^3$ when $q<0$. The methodology undertaken to obtain the classification is similar to that of Greene for lens spaces.