# Browsing by Subject "cond-mat.dis-nn"

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Item Metadata only A nontrivial critical fixed point for replica-symmetry-breaking transitions(2017-04-01) Charbonneau, Patrick; Yaida, ShoThe transformation of the free-energy landscape from smooth to hierarchical is one of the richest features of mean-field disordered systems. A well-studied example is the de Almeida-Thouless transition for spin glasses in a magnetic field, and a similar phenomenon--the Gardner transition--has recently been predicted for structural glasses. The existence of these replica-symmetry-breaking phase transitions has, however, long been questioned below their upper critical dimension, d_u=6. Here, we obtain evidence for the existence of these transitions in dItem Open Access Bypassing sluggishness: SWAP algorithm and glassiness in high dimensionsBerthier, Ludovic; Charbonneau, Patrick; Kundu, JoyjitThe recent implementation of a swap Monte Carlo algorithm (SWAP) for polydisperse mixtures fully bypasses computational sluggishness and closes the gap between experimental and simulation timescales in physical dimensions $d=2$ and $3$. Here, we consider suitably optimized systems in $d=2, 3,\dots, 8$, to obtain insights into the performance and underlying physics of SWAP. We show that the speedup obtained decays rapidly with increasing the dimension. SWAP nonetheless delays systematically the onset of the activated dynamics by an amount that remains finite in the limit $d \to \infty$. This shows that the glassy dynamics in high dimensions $d>3$ is now computationally accessible using SWAP, thus opening the door for the systematic consideration of finite-dimensional deviations from the mean-field description.Item Open Access Characterization and efficient Monte Carlo sampling of disordered microphases.(The Journal of chemical physics, 2021-06) Zheng, Mingyuan; Charbonneau, PatrickThe disordered microphases that develop in the high-temperature phase of systems with competing short-range attractive and long-range repulsive (SALR) interactions result in a rich array of distinct morphologies, such as cluster, void cluster, and percolated (gel-like) fluids. These different structural regimes exhibit complex relaxation dynamics with marked heterogeneity and slowdown. The overall relationship between these structures and configurational sampling schemes, however, remains largely uncharted. Here, the disordered microphases of a schematic SALR model are thoroughly characterized, and structural relaxation functions adapted to each regime are devised. The sampling efficiency of various advanced Monte Carlo sampling schemes-Virtual-Move (VMMC), Aggregation-Volume-Bias (AVBMC), and Event-Chain (ECMC)-is then assessed. A combination of VMMC and AVBMC is found to be computationally most efficient for cluster fluids and ECMC to become relatively more efficient as density increases. These results offer a complete description of the equilibrium disordered phase of a simple microphase former as well as dynamical benchmarks for other sampling schemes.Item Open Access Finite-size effects in the microscopic critical properties of jammed configurations: A comprehensive study of the effects of different types of disorder.(Physical review. E, 2021-07) Charbonneau, Patrick; Corwin, Eric I; Dennis, R Cameron; Díaz Hernández Rojas, Rafael; Ikeda, Harukuni; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, FedericoJamming criticality defines a universality class that includes systems as diverse as glasses, colloids, foams, amorphous solids, constraint satisfaction problems, neural networks, etc. A particularly interesting feature of this class is that small interparticle forces (f) and gaps (h) are distributed according to nontrivial power laws. A recently developed mean-field (MF) theory predicts the characteristic exponents of these distributions in the limit of very high spatial dimension, d→∞ and, remarkably, their values seemingly agree with numerical estimates in physically relevant dimensions, d=2 and 3. These exponents are further connected through a pair of inequalities derived from stability conditions, and both theoretical predictions and previous numerical investigations suggest that these inequalities are saturated. Systems at the jamming point are thus only marginally stable. Despite the key physical role played by these exponents, their systematic evaluation has yet to be attempted. Here, we carefully test their value by analyzing the finite-size scaling of the distributions of f and h for various particle-based models for jamming. Both dimension and the direction of approach to the jamming point are also considered. We show that, in all models, finite-size effects are much more pronounced in the distribution of h than in that of f. We thus conclude that gaps are correlated over considerably longer scales than forces. Additionally, remarkable agreement with MF predictions is obtained in all but one model, namely near-crystalline packings. Our results thus help to better delineate the domain of the jamming universality class. We furthermore uncover a secondary linear regime in the distribution tails of both f and h. This surprisingly robust feature is understood to follow from the (near) isostaticity of our configurations.Item Open Access Forgetting leads to chaos in attractor networksPereira-Obilinovic, Ulises; Aljadeff, Johnatan; Brunel, NicolasAttractor networks are an influential theory for memory storage in brain systems. This theory has recently been challenged by the observation of strong temporal variability in neuronal recordings during memory tasks. In this work, we study a sparsely connected attractor network where memories are learned according to a Hebbian synaptic plasticity rule. After recapitulating known results for the continuous, sparsely connected Hopfield model, we investigate a model in which new memories are learned continuously and old memories are forgotten, using an online synaptic plasticity rule. We show that for a forgetting time scale that optimizes storage capacity, the qualitative features of the network's memory retrieval dynamics are age-dependent: most recent memories are retrieved as fixed-point attractors while older memories are retrieved as chaotic attractors characterized by strong heterogeneity and temporal fluctuations. Therefore, fixed-point and chaotic attractors co-exist in the network phase space. The network presents a continuum of statistically distinguishable memory states, where chaotic fluctuations appear abruptly above a critical age and then increase gradually until the memory disappears. We develop a dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) to analyze the age-dependent dynamics and compare the theory with simulations of large networks. Our numerical simulations show that a high-degree of sparsity is necessary for the DMFT to accurately predict the network capacity. Finally, our theory provides specific predictions for delay response tasks with aging memoranda. Our theory of attractor networks that continuously learn new information at the price of forgetting old memories can account for the observed diversity of retrieval states in the cortex, and in particular the strong temporal fluctuations of cortical activity.Item Open Access Glass and Jamming Transitions: From Exact Results to Finite-Dimensional Descriptions(2017-04-01) Charbonneau, P; Kurchan, J; Parisi, G; Urbani, P; Zamponi, FDespite decades of work, gaining a first-principle understanding of amorphous materials remains an extremely challenging problem. However, recent theoretical breakthroughs have led to the formulation of an exact solution in the mean-field limit of infinite spatial dimension, and numerical simulations have remarkably confirmed the dimensional robustness of some of the predictions. This review describes these latest advances. More specifically, we consider the dynamical and thermodynamic descriptions of hard spheres around the dynamical, Gardner and jamming transitions. Comparing mean-field predictions with the finite-dimensional simulations, we identify robust aspects of the description and uncover its more sensitive features. We conclude with a brief overview of ongoing research.Item Open Access High-dimensional percolation criticality and hints of mean-field-like caging of the random Lorentz gas.(Physical review. E, 2021-08) Charbonneau, Benoit; Charbonneau, Patrick; Hu, Yi; Yang, ZhenThe random Lorentz gas (RLG) is a minimal model for transport in disordered media. Despite the broad relevance of the model, theoretical grasp over its properties remains weak. For instance, the scaling with dimension d of its localization transition at the void percolation threshold is not well controlled analytically nor computationally. A recent study [Biroli et al., Phys. Rev. E 103, L030104 (2021)2470-004510.1103/PhysRevE.103.L030104] of the caging behavior of the RLG motivated by the mean-field theory of glasses has uncovered physical inconsistencies in that scaling that heighten the need for guidance. Here we first extend analytical expectations for asymptotic high-d bounds on the void percolation threshold and then computationally evaluate both the threshold and its criticality in various d. In high-d systems, we observe that the standard percolation physics is complemented by a dynamical slowdown of the tracer dynamics reminiscent of mean-field caging. A simple modification of the RLG is found to bring the interplay between percolation and mean-field-like caging down to d=3.Item Open Access Local dynamical heterogeneity in glass formers(2021-09-24) Biroli, Giulio; Charbonneau, Patrick; Folena, Giampaolo; Hu, Yi; Zamponi, FrancescoWe study the local dynamical fluctuations in glass-forming models of particles embedded in $d$-dimensional space, in the mean-field limit of $d\to\infty$. Our analytical calculation reveals that single-particle observables, such as squared particle displacements, display divergent fluctuations around the dynamical (or mode-coupling) transition, due to the emergence of nontrivial correlations between displacements along different directions. This effect notably gives rise to a divergent non-Gaussian parameter, $\alpha_2$. The $d\to\infty$ local dynamics therefore becomes quite rich upon approaching the glass transition. The finite-$d$ remnant of this phenomenon further provides a long sought-after, first-principle explanation for the growth of $\alpha_2$ around the glass transition that is \emph{not based on multi-particle correlations}.Item Open Access Mean-Field Caging in a Random Lorentz Gas.(The journal of physical chemistry. B, 2021-06-07) Biroli, Giulio; Charbonneau, Patrick; Hu, Yi; Ikeda, Harukuni; Szamel, Grzegorz; Zamponi, FrancescoThe random Lorentz gas (RLG) is a minimal model of both percolation and glassiness, which leads to a paradox in the infinite-dimensional,*d*→ ∞ limit: the localization transition is then expected to be*continuous*for the former and*discontinuous*for the latter. As a putative resolution, we have recently suggested that, as*d*increases, the behavior of the RLG converges to the glassy description and that percolation physics is recovered thanks to finite-*d*perturbative and nonperturbative (instantonic) corrections [Biroli et al.*Phys. Rev. E*2021, 103, L030104]. Here, we expand on the*d*→ ∞ physics by considering a simpler static solution as well as the dynamical solution of the RLG. Comparing the 1/*d*correction of this solution with numerical results reveals that even perturbative corrections fall out of reach of existing theoretical descriptions. Comparing the dynamical solution with the mode-coupling theory (MCT) results further reveals that, although key quantitative features of MCT are far off the mark, it does properly capture the discontinuous nature of the*d*→ ∞ RLG. These insights help chart a path toward a complete description of finite-dimensional glasses.Item Open Access Morphology of renormalization-group flow for the de Almeida-Thouless-Gardner universality classCharbonneau, Patrick; Hu, Yi; Raju, Archishman; Sethna, James P; Yaida, ShoA replica-symmetry-breaking phase transition is predicted in a host of disordered media. The criticality of the transition has, however, long been questioned below its upper critical dimension, six, due to the absence of a critical fixed point in the renormalization-group flows at one-loop order. A recent two-loop analysis revealed a possible strong-coupling fixed point but, given the uncontrolled nature of perturbative analysis in the strong-coupling regime, debate persists. Here we examine the nature of the transition as a function of spatial dimension and show that the strong-coupling fixed point can go through a Hopf bifurcation, resulting in a critical limit cycle and a concomitant discrete scale invariance. We further investigate a different renormalization scheme and argue that the basin of attraction of the strong-coupling fixed point/limit cycle may thus stay finite for all dimensions.Item Open Access Solution of disordered microphases in the Bethe approximation.(The Journal of chemical physics, 2021-07) Charbonneau, Patrick; Tarzia, MarcoThe periodic microphases that self-assemble in systems with competing short-range attractive and long-range repulsive (SALR) interactions are structurally both rich and elegant. Significant theoretical and computational efforts have thus been dedicated to untangling their properties. By contrast, disordered microphases, which are structurally just as rich but nowhere near as elegant, have not been as carefully considered. Part of the difficulty is that simple mean-field descriptions make a homogeneity assumption that washes away all of their structural features. Here, we study disordered microphases by exactly solving a SALR model on the Bethe lattice. By sidestepping the homogenization assumption, this treatment recapitulates many of the key structural regimes of disordered microphases, including particle and void cluster fluids as well as gelation. This analysis also provides physical insight into the relationship between various structural and thermal observables, between criticality and physical percolation, and between glassiness and microphase ordering.