Now showing items 21-40 of 49

    • Materia Mentis: How the Brain Sculpts the Mind 

      Gessell, Bryce (2019)
      The principal problem of cognitive neuroscience is to draw relations between mental processes, constructs, and concepts, on the one hand, and neural processes, structures, and concepts, on the other. The philosophical issues ...
    • Mindcraft: a Dynamical Systems Theory of Cognition 

      Barack, David (2014)
      This dissertation develops a theory of cognition, driven by recent developments in the electrophysiological investigation of the neuronal mechanisms that support adaptive behavior. In the first chapter, I situate the theory ...
    • Moral Luck and Responsibility 

      Semler, Jen (2019-04-11)
      This paper will argue that we should take moral luck seriously. In Section 2, I explain the problem of moral luck and the assumptions on which it rests. In Section 3, I evaluate several proposed solutions to the problem ...
    • Moral Luck, the Failure of Control, and the Ability and Contribution Theory 

      Metz, Joseph (2012)
      We do not want arbitrariness in our moral judgments. In the first half of my thesis, I will discuss moral luck and the problem it poses for assigning moral responsibility in a non-arbitrary manner. Once I have discussed ...
    • Nietzsche's Revaluation of Philosophy and Poetry 

      Fishman, Daniel (2013-04-25)
      Nietzsche’s dual interest in philosophy and poetry has major ramifications for the both the style and content of Nietzsche’s philosophy. Though most modern philosophical texts consider clarity of argument to be ...
    • OMISSIONS, CAUSATION, AND MODALITY 

      Henne, Paul (2019)
      In The Neverending Story (1984), “the nothing” was spreading throughout Fantasia. This is terrifying not just because of the nature of the west-German fantasy film but also because nothing—non-being—was represented as something ...
    • On the Functions of Morality 

      Conrad, Aryn Ashley (2015)
      This dissertation seeks to bring together two philosophical literatures: the functions literature from the philosophy of biology, and the functionalist literature in naturalistic metaethics. Biological function suggests ...
    • Peircean Naturalism 

      Williams, Robert A. (2013)
      Naturalism faces problems caused by a lack of agreement about whether there is or can be a meaningful and useful conception of naturalism as a general research position. Without a widely agreed upon account of what naturalism ...
    • Physicalism and Evidence 

      Motsinger, Kyle (2012)
      One popular characterization of physicalism is as an empirical prediction about the theoretical objects and properties of future science. It is argued that physicalism so characterized cannot be justified unless an individual ...
    • Platonic Modes of Explanation 

      Jelinek, Elizabeth (2008-05-29)
      In Platonic Modes of Explanation, I examine Plato's treatment of Form, matter, and telos in his theory of explanation. To focus my investigation of Plato's theory, I adopt an unorthodox approach: that of using Aristotle's ...
    • Public Unreason: Essays on Political Disagreement 

      Ancell, Aaron James (2017)
      Why is political disagreement such a persistent and pervasive feature of contemporary societies? Many political philosophers answer by pointing to moral pluralism and the complexity of relevant non-moral facts. In Chapter ...
    • Reading the Book of Life: Contingency and Convergence in Macroevolution 

      Powell, Russell (2008-01-01)
      This dissertation explores philosophical problems in biology, particularly those relating to macroevolutionary theory. It is comprised of a series of three papers drawn from work that is currently at the publication, ...
    • Reason and Intuitive Knowledge in Spinoza's 'Ethics': Two Ways of Knowing, Two Ways of Living 

      Soyarslan, Sanem (2011)
      While both intuitive knowledge (<italic>scientia intuitiva</italic>) and reason (<italic>ratio</italic>) are adequate ways of knowing for Spinoza, they are not equal. "The greatest virtue of the mind" and "the greatest human ...
    • Reducing Biology 

      Yu, Sun Kyeong (2008-06-30)
      This dissertation proposes a new working model of reductionism for biology and a new concept of the gene based on the new reduction model. My project aims to help biologists and philosophers understand what reductionism ...
    • Religious Conviction, Respect, and the Doctrine of Restraint in the Exclusionist-Inclusionist Debate 

      McWatters III, Thomas A. (2010)
      The principle of respect for other persons is commonly invoked in contemporary liberalism as justification for the claim that a conscientious citizen in a liberal democracy is morally obligated to refrain from supporting ...
    • The Benevolent Ideal Observer Theory 

      Campbell, Michael (2018)
      This dissertation provides an answer to what I call the central question of moral philosophy: what, if anything, is moral value? The answer, I argue, is that moral value is the relational property of eliciting a suitable ...
    • "The Breakfast Problem": A Comparative Dispute between a Classical Confucian and a Feminist Liberal on Priority of Virtues 

      Auh, Roy (2019-04-04)
      A classical Confucian and a feminist liberal married to each other find themselves at a stalemate when they disagree on a breakfast routine for their six-years-old daughter. The Confucian Carl espouses a routine is characterized ...
    • The Ethics of the Rule of Rescue: Guidelines for Use in the Medical Setting 

      Flynn, Spencer (2019-04-16)
      The “rule of rescue” (RR) is the human impulse to rescue an identifiable person facing imminent threat, regardless of associated costs. For example, no price is spared to save trapped miners, even though instituting improved ...
    • The Neurobiological Foundations of Altruism 

      Tankersley, Dharol (2008-05-01)
      This project advocates an urgent role for neurobiological evidence and models in the study of altruism. I argue for two claims: that neurobiological evidence should be used to constrain candidate scientific accounts of altruistic ...
    • The Sage's Psychology: Confucianism Naturalized 

      Stephens, Daniel (2015)
      In this dissertation, I attempt to answer the question of how people can come to behave in accordance with their moral standards. To answer this question, I argue for and then apply a naturalistic approach to ethical philosophy ...