Now showing items 1-20 of 49

    • A Philosophical Examination of Working Memory 

      Beninger, Max Hanson (2019)
      Working memory—the mental capacity to “hold on to” information after it ceases to be perceptually available—is one of the most discussed topics in psychology and neuroscience. Despite the importance of working memory in ...
    • A Refined Neuronal Population Measure of Visual Attention. 

      Mayo, J Patrick; Cohen, Marlene R; Maunsell, John HR (PloS one, 2015-01)
      Neurophysiological studies of cognitive mechanisms such as visual attention typically ignore trial-by-trial variability and instead report mean differences averaged across many trials. Advances in electrophysiology allow ...
    • Action video game playing is associated with improved visual sensitivity, but not alterations in visual sensory memory. 

      Appelbaum, L Gregory; Cain, Matthew S; Darling, Elise F; Mitroff, Stephen R (Atten Percept Psychophys, 2013-08)
      Action video game playing has been experimentally linked to a number of perceptual and cognitive improvements. These benefits are captured through a wide range of psychometric tasks and have led to the proposition that action ...
    • Activation in mesolimbic and visuospatial neural circuits elicited by smoking cues: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging. 

      Due, Deborah L; Huettel, Scott A; Hall, Warren G; Rubin, David C (Am J Psychiatry, 2002-06)
      OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to increase understanding of the brain mechanisms involved in cigarette addiction by identifying neural substrates modulated by visual smoking cues in nicotine-deprived smokers. METHOD: Event-related ...
    • Aerobic exercise and neurocognitive performance: a meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials. 

      Smith, Patrick J; Blumenthal, James A; Hoffman, Benson M; Cooper, Harris; Strauman, Timothy A; Welsh-Bohmer, Kathleen; Browndyke, Jeffrey N; ... (8 authors) (Psychosom Med, 2010-04)
      OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of aerobic exercise training on neurocognitive performance. Although the effects of exercise on neurocognition have been the subject of several previous reviews and meta-analyses, they have ...
    • Age mediation of frontoparietal activation during visual feature search. 

      Madden, David J; Parks, Emily L; Davis, Simon W; Diaz, Michele T; Potter, Guy G; Chou, Ying-hui; Chen, Nan-kuei; ... (8 authors) (Neuroimage, 2014-11-15)
      Activation of frontal and parietal brain regions is associated with attentional control during visual search. We used fMRI to characterize age-related differences in frontoparietal activation in a highly efficient feature ...
    • At the Threshold with Simone Weil: A Political Theory of Migration and Refuge 

      Gonzalez Rice, David Laurence (2012)
      The persistent presence of refugees challenges political theorists to rethink our approaches to citizenship and national sovereignty. I look to philosopher Simone Weil (1909-1943), who brings to the Western tradition her ...
    • Attentional Biases in Value-Based Decision-Making 

      San Martin Ulloa, Rene (2014)
      Humans make decisions in highly complex physical, economic and social environments. In order to adaptively choose, the human brain has to learn about- and attend to- sensory cues that provide information about the potential ...
    • Attentional Effects on Conditioned Inhibition of Discrete and Contextual Stimuli 

      Kutlu, Munir Gunes (2013)
      In the present study, we examined the predictions of an attentional-associative model (Schmajuk, Lam, & Gray Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 22, 321-349, 1996) regarding the effect of attentional ...
    • Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance. 

      San Martín, René; Appelbaum, Lawrence G; Huettel, Scott A; Woldorff, Marty G (Cereb Cortex, 2016-01)
      Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain outcome-predicting cues. We studied this ...
    • Data-driven and memory-driven selective attention in visual search. 

      Madden, DJ (Journal of gerontology, 1984-01)
      The present experiment investigated Rabbitt's (1979) hypothesis that age differences in selective attention occur when memory-driven processing must be employed. Young and older adults performed a visual search task, which, ...
    • Distribution of important and word-cued autobiographical memories in 20-, 35-, and 70-year-old adults. 

      Rubin, DC; Schulkind, MD (Psychol Aging, 1997-09)
      For word-cued autobiographical memories, older adults had an increase, or bump, from the ages 10 to 30. All age groups had fewer memories from childhood than from other years and a power-function retention for memories from ...
    • Does Mindfulness Affect Subsystems of Attention? 

      Cozza, Caroline (2011)
      Attention is considered a fundamental component of mindfulness and current theory suggests that it is a primary mechanism of change that contributes to the substantive improvements in physical and psychological functioning ...
    • Effects of Mindfulness Training on Emotion Regulation and Attention 

      Ekblad, Andrew Griffin (2008-01-01)
      The effect of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) training on experimental measures of attention and emotion regulation was assessed. Two laboratory based measures of attention and emotion regulation were employed. ...
    • Emotion-attention network interactions during a visual oddball task. 

      Fichtenholtz, Harlan M; Dean, Heather L; Dillon, Daniel G; Yamasaki, Hiroshi; McCarthy, Gregory; LaBar, Kevin S (Brain Res Cogn Brain Res, 2004-06)
      Emotional and attentional functions are known to be distributed along ventral and dorsal networks in the brain, respectively. However, the interactions between these systems remain to be specified. The present study used ...
    • Emotional intensity predicts autobiographical memory experience. 

      Talarico, Jennifer M; LaBar, Kevin S; Rubin, David C (Mem Cognit, 2004-10)
      College students generated autobiographical memories from distinct emotional categories that varied in valence (positive vs. negative) and intensity (high vs. low). They then rated various perceptual, cognitive, and emotional ...
    • Emotional Modulation of Time Perception 

      Lake, Jessica (2014)
      Our perception of time is not veridical but rather is consistently modulating by changing dynamics in our environment. Anecdotal experiences suggest that emotions can be powerful modulators of time perception; nevertheless, ...
    • Evaluating the Role of Attention in Decision Making 

      Vo, Khoi Dai (2020)
      Attentional processes are critical aspects of the neural, cognitive, and computational mechanisms of decision-making. However, the role of such processes is often not given much focus in decision-making research, especially ...
    • Functional modular architecture underlying attentional control in aging. 

      Monge, Zachary A; Geib, Benjamin R; Siciliano, Rachel E; Packard, Lauren E; Tallman, Catherine W; Madden, David J (NeuroImage, 2017-07)
      Previous research suggests that age-related differences in attention reflect the interaction of top-down and bottom-up processes, but the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying this interaction remain an active area ...
    • Functional parcellation of attentional control regions of the brain. 

      Woldorff, Marty G; Hazlett, Chad J; Fichtenholtz, Harlan M; Weissman, Daniel H; Dale, Anders M; Song, Allen W (J Cogn Neurosci, 2004-01)
      Recently, a number of investigators have examined the neural loci of psychological processes enabling the control of visual spatial attention using cued-attention paradigms in combination with event-related functional magnetic ...