Now showing items 1-10 of 10

    • Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: An expert assessment 

      Abbott, BW; Jones, JB; Schuur, EAG; Chapin, FS; Bowden, WB; Bret-Harte, MS; Epstein, HE; ... (100 authors) (Environmental Research Letters, 2016-03-07)
      As the permafrost region warms, its large organic carbon pool will be increasingly vulnerable to decomposition, combustion, and hydrologic export. Models predict that some portion of this release will be offset by increased ...
    • Boom and bust carbon-nitrogen dynamics during reforestation 

      Parolari, AJ; Mobley, ML; Bacon, AR; Katul, GG; Richter, DDB; Porporato, A (Ecological Modelling, 2017-09-24)
      © 2017 Elsevier B.V. Legacies of historical land use strongly shape contemporary ecosystem dynamics. In old-field secondary forests, tree growth embodies a legacy of soil changes affected by previous cultivation. Three patterns ...
    • Designing a network of critical zone observatories to explore the living skin of the terrestrial Earth 

      Brantley, SL; McDowell, WH; Dietrich, WE; White, TS; Kumar, P; Anderson, SP; Chorover, J; ... (12 authors) (Earth Surface Dynamics, 2017-12-18)
      The critical zone (CZ), the dynamic living skin of the Earth, extends from the top of the vegetative canopy through the soil and down to fresh bedrock and the bottom of the groundwater. All humans live in and depend on the ...
    • Estimating the population size of lemurs based on their mutualistic food trees 

      Herrera, JP; Borgerson, C; Tongasoa, L; Andriamahazoarivosoa, P; Rasolofoniaina, BJR; Rakotondrafarasata, ER; Randrianasolo, JLRR; ... (10 authors) (Journal of Biogeography, 2018-11-01)
      Aim: Species’ distributions and abundances are primarily determined by the suitability of environmental conditions, including climate and interactions with sympatric species, but also increasingly by human activities. Modelling ...
    • Free-ranging livestock threaten the long-term survival of giant pandas 

      Li, BV; Pimm, SL; Li, S; Zhao, L; Luo, C (Biological Conservation, 2017-12-01)
      © 2017 Elsevier Ltd China has implemented forest policies and expanded protected areas to halt deforestation and protect giant panda habitats. These policies simultaneously encouraged local communities to raise livestock ...
    • Hydrological and ecological responses of ecosystems to extreme precipitation regimes: A test of empirical-based hypotheses with an ecosystem model 

      Ye, JS; Reynolds, JF; Maestre, FT; Li, FM (Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 2016-10-01)
      Many uncertainties exist in our quest to understand and predict how terrestrial ecosystems will respond to climate change. A particularly challenging issue is how increases in extreme precipitation regimes, which ...
    • Marine resource management and conservation in the Anthropocene 

      ASWANI, SHANKAR; BASURTO, XAVIER; FERSE, SEBASTIAN; GLASER, MARION; CAMPBELL, LISA; CINNER, JOSHUAE; DALTON, TRACEY; ... (12 authors) (Environmental Conservation, 2018-06-01)
      © 2017 Foundation for Environmental Conservation. Because the Anthropocene by definition is an epoch during which environmental change is largely anthropogenic and driven by social, economic, psychological and political ...
    • Scientific concepts for an integrated analysis of desertification 

      Reynolds, JF; Grainger, A; Stafford Smith, DM; Bastin, G; Garcia-Barrios, L; Fernández, RJ; Janssen, MA; ... (13 authors) (Land Degradation and Development, 2011-03-01)
      The Global Drylands Observing System proposed in this issue should reduce the huge uncertainty about the extent of desertification and the rate at which it is changing, and provide valuable information to scientists, planners ...
    • The next widespread bamboo flowering poses a massive risk to the giant panda 

      Tian, Z; Liu, X; Fan, Z; Liu, J; Pimm, SL; Liu, L; Garcia, C; ... (20 authors) (Biological Conservation, 2019-06-01)
      The IUCN Red List has downgraded several species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” that still have largely unknown extinction risks. We consider one of those downgraded species, the giant panda, a bamboo specialist. Massive ...
    • Water turnover among human populations: Effects of environment and lifestyle. 

      Swanson, Zane S; Pontzer, Herman (American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council, 2020-01)
      OBJECTIVES:To discuss the environmental and lifestyle determinants of water balance in humans and identify the gaps in current research regarding water use across populations. METHODS:We investigated intraspecific variation ...