Now showing items 1-20 of 26

    • A population model of folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism. 

      Duncan, Tanya M; Reed, Michael C; Nijhout, H Frederik (Nutrients, 2013-07-05)
      BACKGROUND: Previous mathematical models for hepatic and tissue one-carbon metabolism have been combined and extended to include a blood plasma compartment. We use this model to study how the concentrations of metabolites ...
    • Assessments of frailty in bladder cancer. 

      Grimberg, Dominic C; Shah, Ankeet; Molinger, Jeroen; Whittle, John; Gupta, Rajan T; Wischmeyer, Paul E; McDonald, Shelley R; ... (8 authors) (Urologic oncology, 2020-05-22)
      BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The incidence of frailty is increasing as the population ages, which has important clinical implications given the associations between frailty and poor outcomes in the bladder cancer population. Due ...
    • Captivity humanizes the primate microbiome. 

      Clayton, Jonathan B; Vangay, Pajau; Huang, Hu; Ward, Tonya; Hillmann, Benjamin M; Al-Ghalith, Gabriel A; Travis, Dominic A; ... (17 authors) (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2018-03-01)
      The primate gastrointestinal tract is home to trillions of bacteria, whose composition is associated with numerous metabolic, autoimmune, and infectious human diseases. Although there is increasing evidence that modern and ...
    • Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation. 

      Zhang, Guojie; Li, Cai; Li, Qiye; Li, Bo; Larkin, Denis M; Lee, Chul; Storz, Jay F; ... (107 authors) (Science, 2014-12-12)
      Birds are the most species-rich class of tetrapod vertebrates and have wide relevance across many research fields. We explored bird macroevolution using full genomes from 48 avian species representing all major extant clades. ...
    • Daily intake of antioxidants in relation to survival among adult patients diagnosed with malignant glioma. 

      DeLorenze, Gerald N; McCoy, Lucie; Tsai, Ai-Lin; Quesenberry, Charles P; Rice, Terri; Il'yasova, Dora; Wrensch, Margaret (BMC Cancer, 2010-05-19)
      BACKGROUND: Malignant glioma is a rare cancer with poor survival. The influence of diet and antioxidant intake on glioma survival is not well understood. The current study examines the association between antioxidant intake ...
    • Dental topographic change with macrowear and dietary inference in Homunculus patagonicus. 

      Li, Peishu; Morse, Paul E; Kay, Richard F (Journal of human evolution, 2020-07)
      Homunculus patagonicus is a stem platyrrhine from the late Early Miocene, high-latitude Santa Cruz Formation, Argentina. Its distribution lies farther south than any extant platyrrhine species. Prior studies on the dietary ...
    • Diet and Exercise Are not Associated with Skeletal Muscle Mass and Sarcopenia in Patients with Bladder Cancer. 

      Wang, Yingqi; Chang, Andrew; Tan, Wei Phin; Fantony, Joseph J; Gopalakrishna, Ajay; Barton, Gregory J; Wischmeyer, Paul E; ... (9 authors) (European urology oncology, 2021-04)
      <h4>Background</h4>There is limited understanding about why sarcopenia is happening in bladder cancer, and which modifiable and nonmodifiable patient-level factors affect its occurrence.<h4>Objective</h4>The objective is ...
    • Dietary Choline, Inflammation, and Neuroprotection Across the Lifespan 

      Maurer, Sara (2020)
      The cholinergic system is intricately linked with hippocampal memory. As well, choline is anti-inflammatory in the brain and periphery (Terrando et al., 2011; Rivera et al., 1998). However, few have analyzed the anti-inflammatory ...
    • Dietary inference from upper and lower molar morphology in platyrrhine primates. 

      Allen, Kari L; Cooke, Siobhán B; Gonzales, Lauren A; Kay, Richard F (PLoS One, 2015)
      The correlation between diet and dental topography is of importance to paleontologists seeking to diagnose ecological adaptations in extinct taxa. Although the subject is well represented in the literature, few studies directly ...
    • Dietary quality and encephalization in platyrrhine primates. 

      Allen, Kari L; Kay, Richard F (Proc Biol Sci, 2012-02-22)
      The high energetic costs of building and maintaining large brains are thought to constrain encephalization. The 'expensive-tissue hypothesis' (ETH) proposes that primates (especially humans) overcame this constraint through ...
    • Dust accumulation in the canopy: a potential cause of dental microwear in primates. 

      Ungar, PS; Teaford, MF; Glander, KE; Pastor, RF (Am J Phys Anthropol, 1995-06)
      Dental microwear researchers consider exogenous grit or dust to be an important cause of microscopic wear on primate teeth. No study to date has examined the accumulation of such abrasives on foods eaten by primates in the ...
    • FGF23/FGFR4-mediated left ventricular hypertrophy is reversible. 

      Grabner, Alexander; Schramm, Karla; Silswal, Neerupma; Hendrix, Matt; Yanucil, Christopher; Czaya, Brian; Singh, Saurav; ... (14 authors) (Scientific reports, 2017-05-16)
      Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 is a phosphaturic hormone that directly targets cardiac myocytes via FGF receptor (FGFR) 4 thereby inducing hypertrophic myocyte growth and the development of left ventricular hypertrophy ...
    • Food, class, and health: the role of the perceived body in the social reproduction of health. 

      Chapman, Shawna L Carroll; Wu, Li-Tzy (Health communication, 2013-05)
      The association between social class and cardiovascular health is complex, involving a constant interplay of factors as individuals integrate external information from the media, health care providers, and people they know ...
    • Homeostatic imbalance of purine catabolism in first-episode neuroleptic-naïve patients with schizophrenia. 

      Yao, Jeffrey K; Dougherty, George G; Reddy, Ravinder D; Keshavan, Matcheri S; Montrose, Debra M; Matson, Wayne R; McEvoy, Joseph; ... (8 authors) (PLoS One, 2010-03-03)
      BACKGROUND: Purine catabolism may be an unappreciated, but important component of the homeostatic response of mitochondria to oxidant stress. Accumulating evidence suggests a pivotal role of oxidative stress in schizophrenia ...
    • Hypertension Improvement Project (HIP): study protocol and implementation challenges. 

      Dolor, Rowena J; Yancy, William S; Owen, William F; Matchar, David B; Samsa, Gregory P; Pollak, Kathryn I; Lin, Pao-Hwa; ... (13 authors) (Trials, 2009-02-26)
      <h4>Background</h4>Hypertension affects 29% of the adult U.S. population and is a leading cause of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Despite numerous effective treatments, only 53% of people with hypertension are ...
    • Impact of Kidney Function on Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (Dash) Diet. 

      Tyson, Crystal C; Kuchibhatla, Maragatha; Patel, Uptal D; Pun, Patrick H; Chang, Alex; Nwankwo, Chinazo; Joseph, Michael A; ... (8 authors)
      OBJECTIVES: Although the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet lowers blood pressure in adults with hypertension, how kidney function impacts this effect is not known. We evaluated whether Estimated Glomerular ...
    • Oldest known cranium of a juvenile New World monkey (Early Miocene, Patagonia, Argentina): implications for the taxonomy and the molar eruption pattern of early platyrrhines. 

      Perry, Jonathan MG; Kay, Richard F; Vizcaíno, Sergio F; Bargo, M Susana (J Hum Evol, 2014-09)
      A juvenile cranium of Homunculus patagonicus Ameghino, 1891a from the late Early Miocene of Santa Cruz Province (Argentina) provides the first evidence of developing cranial anatomy for any fossil platyrrhine. The specimen ...
    • Parental dietary seleno-L-methionine exposure and resultant offspring developmental toxicity. 

      Chernick, Melissa; Ware, Megan; Albright, Elizabeth; Kwok, Kevin WH; Dong, Wu; Zheng, Na; Hinton, David E (Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 2016-01)
      Selenium (Se) leaches into water from agricultural soils and from storage sites for coal fly ash. Se toxicity causes population and community level effects in fishes and birds. We used the laboratory aquarium model fish, ...
    • Relative growth of the limbs and trunk in sifakas: heterochronic, ecological, and functional considerations. 

      Ravosa, MJ; Meyers, DM; Glander, KE (Am J Phys Anthropol, 1993-12)
      Limb, trunk, and body weight measurements were obtained for growth series of Milne-Edwards's diademed sifaka, Propithecus diadema edwardsi, and the golden-crowned sifaka, Propithecus tattersalli. Similar measures were obtained ...
    • Stable isotope ratios indicate diet and habitat use in New World monkeys. 

      Schoeninger, MJ; Iwaniec, UT; Glander, KE (Am J Phys Anthropol, 1997-05)
      This paper demonstrates the use of stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen in animal tissue for indicating aspects of species behavioral strategy. We analyzed hair from individuals representing four species of New World ...