Now showing items 1-16 of 16

    • African forest elephant movements depend on time scale and individual behavior. 

      Beirne, Christopher; Houslay, Thomas M; Morkel, Peter; Clark, Connie J; Fay, Mike; Okouyi, Joseph; White, Lee JT; ... (8 authors) (Scientific reports, 2021-06-16)
      The critically endangered African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) plays a vital role in maintaining the structure and composition of Afrotropical forests, but basic information is lacking regarding the drivers of elephant ...
    • Endangered species hold clues to human evolution. 

      Lowe, Craig B; Bejerano, Gill; Salama, Sofie R; Haussler, David (The Journal of heredity, 2010-07)
      We report that 18 conserved, and by extension functional, elements in the human genome are the result of retroposon insertions that are evolving under purifying selection in mammals. We show evidence that 1 of the 18 elements ...
    • Genomic resources for the endangered Hawaiian honeycreepers. 

      Callicrate, Taylor; Dikow, Rebecca; Thomas, James W; Mullikin, James C; Jarvis, Erich D; Fleischer, Robert C; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program (BMC Genomics, 2014-12-12)
      BACKGROUND: The Hawaiian honeycreepers are an avian adaptive radiation containing many endangered and extinct species. They display a dramatic range of phenotypic variation and are a model system for studies of evolution, ...
    • Genomic signatures of near-extinction and rebirth of the crested ibis and other endangered bird species 

      Li, Shengbin; Li, Bo; Cheng, Cheng; Xiong, Zijun; Liu, Qingbo; Lai, Jianghua; Carey, Hannah V; ... (33 authors) (GENOME BIOLOGY, 2014)
      BACKGROUND: Nearly one-quarter of all avian species is either threatened or nearly threatened. Of these, 73 species are currently being rescued from going extinct in wildlife sanctuaries. One of the previously most ...
    • Hidden Loss of Wetlands in China. 

      Xu, Weihua; Fan, Xinyue; Ma, Jungai; Pimm, Stuart L; Kong, Lingqiao; Zeng, Yuan; Li, Xiaosong; ... (15 authors) (Current biology : CB, 2019-09)
      To counter their widespread loss, global aspirations are for no net loss of remaining wetlands [1]. We examine whether this goal alone is sufficient for managing China's wetlands, for they constitute 10% of the world's total. ...
    • Incorporating explicit geospatial data shows more species at risk of extinction than the current Red List. 

      Ocampo-Peñuela, Natalia; Jenkins, Clinton N; Vijay, Varsha; Li, Binbin V; Pimm, Stuart L (Science advances, 2016-11-09)
      The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List classifies species according to their risk of extinction, informing global to local conservation decisions. Unfortunately, important geospatial data do not ...
    • Measuring Terrestrial Area of Habitat (AOH) and Its Utility for the IUCN Red List. 

      Brooks, Thomas M; Pimm, Stuart L; Akçakaya, H Resit; Buchanan, Graeme M; Butchart, Stuart HM; Foden, Wendy; Hilton-Taylor, Craig; ... (14 authors) (Trends in ecology & evolution, 2019-11)
      The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species includes assessment of extinction risk for 98 512 species, plus documentation of their range, habitat, elevation, and other factors. ...
    • Overlooked mountain rock pools in deserts are critical local hotspots of biodiversity. 

      Vale, Cândida Gomes; Pimm, Stuart L; Brito, José Carlos (PloS one, 2015-01)
      <h4>Background</h4>The world is undergoing exceptional biodiversity loss. Most conservation efforts target biodiversity hotspots at large scales. Such approach overlooks small-sized local hotspots, which may be rich in endemic ...
    • Quantitative analysis of forest fragmentation in the atlantic forest reveals more threatened bird species than the current red list. 

      Schnell, Jessica K; Harris, Grant M; Pimm, Stuart L; Russell, Gareth J (PloS one, 2013-01)
      Habitat loss and attendant fragmentation threaten the existence of many species. Conserving these species requires a straightforward and objective method that quantifies how these factors affect their survival. Therefore, ...
    • Remotely Sensed Data Informs Red List Evaluations and Conservation Priorities in Southeast Asia. 

      Li, Binbin V; Hughes, Alice C; Jenkins, Clinton N; Ocampo-Peñuela, Natalia; Pimm, Stuart L (PloS one, 2016-01)
      The IUCN Red List has assessed the global distributions of the majority of the world's amphibians, birds and mammals. Yet these assessments lack explicit reference to widely available, remotely-sensed data that can sensibly ...
    • Species, extinct before we know them? 

      Lees, Alexander C; Pimm, Stuart L (Current biology : CB, 2015-03)
      Species are going extinct rapidly, while taxonomic catalogues are still incomplete for even the best-known taxa. Intensive fieldwork is finding species so rare and threatened that some become extinct within years of discovery. ...
    • The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. 

      Pimm, SL; Jenkins, CN; Abell, R; Brooks, TM; Gittleman, JL; Joppa, LN; Raven, PH; ... (9 authors) (Science (New York, N.Y.), 2014-05)
      Recent studies clarify where the most vulnerable species live, where and how humanity changes the planet, and how this drives extinctions. We assess key statistics about species, their distribution, and their status. Most ...
    • The Impacts of Oil Palm on Recent Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss. 

      Vijay, Varsha; Pimm, Stuart L; Jenkins, Clinton N; Smith, Sharon J (PloS one, 2016-01)
      Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil globally, with demand projected to increase substantially in the future. Almost all oil palm grows in areas that were once tropical moist forests, some of them quite recently. ...
    • The Re-introduction of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker to the Green Swamp Preserve: A Management Plan 

      DiLuzio, Nicholas (2010-04-27)
      The red-cockaded woodpecker (RCW; Picoides borealis), a once common bird in the southeastern U.S., is now a federally-listed endangered species. The decline of the RCW can be attributed to loss of the pine savannas that ...
    • US protected lands mismatch biodiversity priorities. 

      Jenkins, Clinton N; Van Houtan, Kyle S; Pimm, Stuart L; Sexton, Joseph O (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015-04-06)
      Because habitat loss is the main cause of extinction, where and how much society chooses to protect is vital for saving species. The United States is well positioned economically and politically to pursue habitat conservation ...
    • Use of "entertainment" chimpanzees in commercials distorts public perception regarding their conservation status. 

      Schroepfer, Kara K; Rosati, Alexandra G; Chartrand, Tanya; Hare, Brian (PLoS One, 2011)
      Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are often used in movies, commercials and print advertisements with the intention of eliciting a humorous response from audiences. The portrayal of chimpanzees in unnatural, human-like situations ...