Now showing items 1-18 of 18

    • African forest elephant movements depend on time scale and individual behavior. 

      Beirne, Christopher; Houslay, Thomas M; Morkel, Peter; Clark, Connie J; Fay, Mike; Okouyi, Joseph; White, Lee JT; ... (8 authors) (Scientific reports, 2021-06-16)
      The critically endangered African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) plays a vital role in maintaining the structure and composition of Afrotropical forests, but basic information is lacking regarding the drivers of elephant ...
    • An estimate of the number of tropical tree species. 

      Slik, JW Ferry; Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor; Aiba, Shin-Ichiro; Alvarez-Loayza, Patricia; Alves, Luciana F; Ashton, Peter; Balvanera, Patricia; ... (173 authors) (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2015-06-16)
      The high species richness of tropical forests has long been recognized, yet there remains substantial uncertainty regarding the actual number of tropical tree species. Using a pantropical tree inventory database from closed ...
    • Attracting Investment to REDD+: Capitalizing on Co-Benefits? 

      Poirson, Evan; Hartman, Ashley; Hoagland, Chris; Yu, Michael (2014-04-25)
      At its inception in 2007, the United Nations-sponsored Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) mechanism had one primary goal: to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions from the global forest sector, ...
    • Avoided Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo 

      McClanahan, Paige (2008-12-05)
      Deforestation and forest degradation account for one fifth of greenhouse gas emissions around the world, second only to fossil fuel combustion. While the Kyoto Protocol has no mechanism that aims to stop forest loss, climate ...
    • Bird extirpations and community dynamics in an Andean cloud forest over 100 years of land-use change. 

      Palacio, Ruben D; Kattan, Gustavo H; Pimm, Stuart L (Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2020-06)
      Long-term studies to understand biodiversity changes remain scarce-especially so for tropical mountains. We examined changes from 1911 to 2016 in the bird community of the cloud forest of San Antonio, a mountain ridge in ...
    • China's endemic vertebrates sheltering under the protective umbrella of the giant panda. 

      Li, Binbin V; Pimm, Stuart L (Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 2016-04)
      The giant panda attracts disproportionate conservation resources. How well does this emphasis protect other endemic species? Detailed data on geographical ranges are not available for plants or invertebrates, so we restrict ...
    • Comparisons of Carbon and Water Fluxes of Pine Forests in Boreal and Temperate Climatic Zones 

      Tor-ngern, Pantana (2015)
      Quantifying carbon fluxes and pools of forest ecosystems is an active research area in global climate study, particularly in the currently and projected increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration environment. Forest ...
    • Deadwood stocks increase with selective logging and large tree frequency in Gabon. 

      Carlson, Ben S; Koerner, Sally E; Medjibe, Vincent P; White, Lee JT; Poulsen, John R (Glob Chang Biol, 2017-04)
      Deadwood is a major component of aboveground biomass (AGB) in tropical forests and is important as habitat and for nutrient cycling and carbon storage. With deforestation and degradation taking place throughout the tropics, ...
    • Effects of land use, habitat characteristics, and small mammal community composition on Leptospira prevalence in northeast Madagascar. 

      Herrera, James P; Wickenkamp, Natalie R; Turpin, Magali; Baudino, Fiona; Tortosa, Pablo; Goodman, Steven M; Soarimalala, Voahangy; ... (9 authors) (PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 2020-12-31)
      Human activities can increase or decrease risks of acquiring a zoonotic disease, notably by affecting the composition and abundance of hosts. This study investigated the links between land use and infectious disease risk ...
    • Estimating the Impacts of Local Policy Innovation: The Synthetic Control Method Applied to Tropical Deforestation. 

      Sills, Erin O; Herrera, Diego; Kirkpatrick, A Justin; Brandão, Amintas; Dickson, Rebecca; Hall, Simon; Pattanayak, Subhrendu; ... (11 authors) (PLoS One, 2015)
      Quasi-experimental methods increasingly are used to evaluate the impacts of conservation interventions by generating credible estimates of counterfactual baselines. These methods generally require large samples for statistical ...
    • Evaluating interactions of forest conservation policies on avoided deforestation. 

      Robalino, Juan; Sandoval, Catalina; Barton, David N; Chacon, Adriana; Pfaff, Alexander (PLoS One, 2015)
      We estimate the effects on deforestation that have resulted from policy interactions between parks and payments and between park buffers and payments in Costa Rica between 2000 and 2005. We show that the characteristics ...
    • Incorporating explicit geospatial data shows more species at risk of extinction than the current Red List. 

      Ocampo-Peñuela, Natalia; Jenkins, Clinton N; Vijay, Varsha; Li, Binbin V; Pimm, Stuart L (Science advances, 2016-11-09)
      The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List classifies species according to their risk of extinction, informing global to local conservation decisions. Unfortunately, important geospatial data do not ...
    • Long-term thermal sensitivity of Earth's tropical forests. 

      Sullivan, Martin JP; Lewis, Simon L; Affum-Baffoe, Kofi; Castilho, Carolina; Costa, Flávia; Sanchez, Aida Cuni; Ewango, Corneille EN; ... (226 authors) (Science (New York, N.Y.), 2020-05-21)
      The sensitivity of tropical forest carbon to climate is a key uncertainty in predicting global climate change. Although short-term drying and warming are known to affect forests, it is unknown if such effects translate into ...
    • Protected Areas' Impacts on Brazilian Amazon Deforestation: Examining Conservation-Development Interactions to Inform Planning. 

      Pfaff, Alexander; Robalino, Juan; Herrera, Diego; Sandoval, Catalina (PLoS One, 2015)
      Protected areas are the leading forest conservation policy for species and ecoservices goals and they may feature in climate policy if countries with tropical forest rely on familiar tools. For Brazil's Legal Amazon, we ...
    • Surficial gains and subsoil losses of soil carbon and nitrogen during secondary forest development. 

      Mobley, Megan L; Lajtha, Kate; Kramer, Marc G; Bacon, Allan R; Heine, Paul R; Richter, Daniel Deb (Global change biology, 2015-02)
      Reforestation of formerly cultivated land is widely understood to accumulate above- and belowground detrital organic matter pools, including soil organic matter. However, during 40 years of study of reforestation in the ...
    • Targeted habitat restoration can reduce extinction rates in fragmented forests. 

      Newmark, William D; Jenkins, Clinton N; Pimm, Stuart L; McNeally, Phoebe B; Halley, John M (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017-09)
      The Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and the Atlantic Forest of Brazil are two of the most fragmented biodiversity hotspots. Species-area relationships predict that their habitat fragments will experience a substantial ...
    • The Impacts of Oil Palm on Recent Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss. 

      Vijay, Varsha; Pimm, Stuart L; Jenkins, Clinton N; Smith, Sharon J (PloS one, 2016-01)
      Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil globally, with demand projected to increase substantially in the future. Almost all oil palm grows in areas that were once tropical moist forests, some of them quite recently. ...
    • The State of The International Forest Carbon Market 2009 

      Kohlhoff, Lindsay (2009-04-24)
      Covering roughly 30% of global land area (4 billion ha2) and storing more than double the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, forest ecosystems act as an enormous carbon reservoir or “sink”. The potential of forests to play ...