Now showing items 1-20 of 40

    • A cerebellar learning model of vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation in wild-type and mutant mice. 

      Clopath, Claudia; Badura, Aleksandra; De Zeeuw, Chris I; Brunel, Nicolas (The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2014-05)
      Mechanisms of cerebellar motor learning are still poorly understood. The standard Marr-Albus-Ito theory posits that learning involves plasticity at the parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses under control of the climbing ...
    • A framework for integrating the songbird brain. 

      Jarvis, ED; Smith, VA; Wada, K; Rivas, MV; McElroy, M; Smulders, TV; Carninci, P; ... (15 authors) (J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol, 2002-12)
      Biological systems by default involve complex components with complex relationships. To decipher how biological systems work, we assume that one needs to integrate information over multiple levels of complexity. The songbird ...
    • Adaptive Behavior and Learning 

      Staddon, JER (2010)
    • Adult age differences in frontostriatal representation of prediction error but not reward outcome. 

      Samanez-Larkin, Gregory R; Worthy, Darrell A; Mata, Rui; McClure, Samuel M; Knutson, Brian (Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci, 2014-06)
      Emerging evidence from decision neuroscience suggests that although younger and older adults show similar frontostriatal representations of reward magnitude, older adults often show deficits in feedback-driven reinforcement ...
    • Advances in understanding mechanisms of thalamic relays in cognition and behavior. 

      Mitchell, Anna S; Sherman, S Murray; Sommer, Marc A; Mair, Robert G; Vertes, Robert P; Chudasama, Yogita (J Neurosci, 2014-11-12)
      The main impetus for a mini-symposium on corticothalamic interrelationships was the recent number of studies highlighting the role of the thalamus in aspects of cognition beyond sensory processing. The thalamus contributes ...
    • Attentional Biases in Value-Based Decision-Making 

      San Martin Ulloa, Rene (2014)
      Humans make decisions in highly complex physical, economic and social environments. In order to adaptively choose, the human brain has to learn about- and attend to- sensory cues that provide information about the potential ...
    • Attractor Dynamics in Networks with Learning Rules Inferred from In Vivo Data. 

      Pereira, Ulises; Brunel, Nicolas (Neuron, 2018-07)
      The attractor neural network scenario is a popular scenario for memory storage in the association cortex, but there is still a large gap between models based on this scenario and experimental data. We study a recurrent network ...
    • Basal ganglia function, stuttering, sequencing, and repair in adult songbirds. 

      Kubikova, Lubica; Bosikova, Eva; Cvikova, Martina; Lukacova, Kristina; Scharff, Constance; Jarvis, Erich D (Sci Rep, 2014-10-13)
      A pallial-basal-ganglia-thalamic-pallial loop in songbirds is involved in vocal motor learning. Damage to its basal ganglia part, Area X, in adult zebra finches has been noted to have no strong effects on song and its function ...
    • Cerebellar learning using perturbations. 

      Bouvier, Guy; Aljadeff, Johnatan; Clopath, Claudia; Bimbard, Célian; Ranft, Jonas; Blot, Antonin; Nadal, Jean-Pierre; ... (10 authors) (eLife, 2018-11-12)
      The cerebellum aids the learning of fast, coordinated movements. According to current consensus, erroneously active parallel fibre synapses are depressed by complex spikes signalling movement errors. However, this theory ...
    • Characteristics of sequential activity in networks with temporally asymmetric Hebbian learning. 

      Gillett, Maxwell; Pereira, Ulises; Brunel, Nicolas (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020-11-11)
      Sequential activity has been observed in multiple neuronal circuits across species, neural structures, and behaviors. It has been hypothesized that sequences could arise from learning processes. However, it is still unclear ...
    • Comparative genomics reveals molecular features unique to the songbird lineage. 

      Wirthlin, Morgan; Lovell, Peter V; Jarvis, Erich D; Mello, Claudio V (BMC Genomics, 2014-12-13)
      BACKGROUND: Songbirds (oscine Passeriformes) are among the most diverse and successful vertebrate groups, comprising almost half of all known bird species. Identifying the genomic innovations that might be associated with ...
    • Convergent differential regulation of parvalbumin in the brains of vocal learners. 

      Hara, Erina; Rivas, Miriam V; Ward, James M; Okanoya, Kazuo; Jarvis, Erich D (PLoS One, 2012)
      Spoken language and learned song are complex communication behaviors found in only a few species, including humans and three groups of distantly related birds--songbirds, parrots, and hummingbirds. Despite their ...
    • Convergent differential regulation of SLIT-ROBO axon guidance genes in the brains of vocal learners. 

      Wang, Rui; Chen, Chun-Chun; Hara, Erina; Rivas, Miriam V; Roulhac, Petra L; Howard, Jason T; Chakraborty, Mukta; ... (9 authors) (J Comp Neurol, 2015-04-15)
      Only a few distantly related mammals and birds have the trait of complex vocal learning, which is the ability to imitate novel sounds. This ability is critical for speech acquisition and production in humans, and is attributed ...
    • Convergent transcriptional specializations in the brains of humans and song-learning birds. 

      Pfenning, Andreas R; Hara, Erina; Whitney, Osceola; Rivas, Miriam V; Wang, Rui; Roulhac, Petra L; Howard, Jason T; ... (25 authors) (Science, 2014-12-12)
      Song-learning birds and humans share independently evolved similarities in brain pathways for vocal learning that are essential for song and speech and are not found in most other species. Comparisons of brain transcriptomes ...
    • Core and Shell Song Systems Unique to the Parrot Brain. 

      Chakraborty, M; Walløe, S; Nedergaard, S; Fridel, EE; Dabelsteen, T; Pakkenberg, B; Bertelsen, MF; ... (11 authors) (PLoS One, 2015)
      The ability to imitate complex sounds is rare, and among birds has been found only in parrots, songbirds, and hummingbirds. Parrots exhibit the most advanced vocal mimicry among non-human animals. A few studies have noted ...
    • Culture From Infrahumans to Humans: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology 

      Ramsey, Grant Aaron (2007-05-07)
      It has become increasingly common to explain the behavior of animals—from sperm whales to songbirds—in terms of culture. But what is animal culture, what is its relationship to other biological concepts and to human culture, ...
    • Differences in the early cognitive development of children and great apes. 

      Wobber, Victoria; Herrmann, Esther; Hare, Brian; Wrangham, Richard; Tomasello, Michael (Dev Psychobiol, 2014-04)
      There is very little research comparing great ape and human cognition developmentally. In the current studies we compared a cross-sectional sample of 2- to 4-year-old human children (n=48) with a large sample of chimpanzees ...
    • Differential expression of glutamate receptors in avian neural pathways for learned vocalization. 

      Wada, Kazuhiro; Sakaguchi, Hironobu; Jarvis, Erich D; Hagiwara, Masatoshi (J Comp Neurol, 2004-08-09)
      Learned vocalization, the substrate for human language, is a rare trait. It is found in three distantly related groups of birds-parrots, hummingbirds, and songbirds. These three groups contain cerebral vocal nuclei for learned ...
    • Disconnected aging: cerebral white matter integrity and age-related differences in cognition. 

      Bennett, IJ; Madden, DJ (Neuroscience, 2014-09)
      Cognition arises as a result of coordinated processing among distributed brain regions and disruptions to communication within these neural networks can result in cognitive dysfunction. Cortical disconnection may thus contribute ...
    • Do People Value Racial Diversity? Evidence from Nielsen Ratings 

      Aldrich, EM; Arcidiacono, PS; Vigdor, JL (2005)
      Nielsen ratings for ABC's Monday Night Football are significantly higher when the game involves a black quarterback. In this paper, we consider competing explanations for this effect. First, quarterback race might proxy ...