Browsing by Subject "Ottoman Empire"
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(2011)This dissertation is a collection of three chapters all pertaining to institutional economics. In short, the eld of institutional economics is an outgrowth of public economics, in the sense that in many cases he key institutions ...
(Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper, 2014-06-12)In the pre-modern Middle East the closest thing to an autonomous private organization was the Islamic waqf. This non-state institution inhibited political participation, collective action, and rule of law, among other indicators ...