Browsing by Subject "Physical Sciences"
Now showing items 120 of 91

(1,1) Lspace knots
(COMPOSITIO MATHEMATICA, 20180501)We characterize the (1, 1) knots in the threesphere and lens spaces that admit nontrivial Lspace surgeries. As a corollary, 1bridge braids in these manifolds admit non trivial Lspace surgeries. We also recover ... 
A baseline paleoecological study for the Santa Cruz Formation (late–early Miocene) at the Atlantic coast of Patagonia, Argentina
(Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 201006)Coastal exposures of the Santa Cruz Formation (lateearly Miocene, southern Patagonia, Argentina) between the Coyle and Gallegos rivers have been a fertile ground for recovery of Miocene vertebrates for more than 100 years. ... 
A formal Anthropocene is compatible with but distinct from its diachronous anthropogenic counterparts: a response to W.F. Ruddiman’s ‘three flaws in defining a formal Anthropocene’
(Progress in Physical Geography, 20190601)© The Author(s) 2019. We analyse the ‘three flaws’ to potentially defining a formal Anthropocene geological time unit as advanced by Ruddiman (2018). (1) We recognize a long record of preindustrial human impacts, but note ... 
A hybrid ionatom trap with integrated high resolution mass spectrometer
(Review of Scientific Instruments, 20191001)© 2019 Author(s). In this article, we describe the design, construction, and implementation of our ionatom hybrid system incorporating a high resolution time of flight mass spectrometer (TOFMS). Potassium atoms (39K) in ... 
A microscopic model of the StokesEinstein relation in arbitrary dimension.
(The Journal of chemical physics, 201806)The StokesEinstein relation (SER) is one of the most robust and widely employed results from the theory of liquids. Yet sizable deviations can be observed for selfsolvation, which cannot be explained by the standard ... 
A slicing obstruction from the $\frac {10}{8}$ theorem
(Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, 20160829)© 2016 American Mathematical Society. From Furuta’s 10/8 theorem, we derive a smooth slicing obstruction for knots in S3 using a spin 4manifold whose boundary is 0surgery on a knot. We show that this obstruction is able ... 
A stochasticLagrangian particle system for the NavierStokes equations
(Nonlinearity, 20081101)This paper is based on a formulation of the NavierStokes equations developed by Constantin and the first author (Commun. Pure Appl. Math. at press, arXiv:math.PR/0511067), where the velocity field of a viscous incompressible ... 
An Empirical Comparison of Multiple Imputation Methods for Categorical Data
(The American Statistician, 20170403)© 2017 American Statistical Association. Multiple imputation is a common approach for dealing with missing values in statistical databases. The imputer fills in missing values with draws from predictive models estimated ... 
An improved approach to agemodeling in deep time: Implications for the Santa Cruz Formation, Argentina
(Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 20200101)© 2019 Geological Society of America. Accurate agedepth models for proxy records are crucial for inferring changes to the environment through space and time, yet traditional methods of constructing these models ... 
Analyzing Xray tomographies of granular packings.
(The Review of scientific instruments, 201705)Starting from threedimensional volume data of a granular packing, as, e.g., obtained by Xray Computed Tomography, we discuss methods to first detect the individual particles in the sample and then analyze their properties. ... 
Anomalous dissipation in a stochastically forced infinitedimensional system of coupled oscillators
(Journal of Statistical Physics, 20070901)We study a system of stochastically forced infinitedimensional coupled harmonic oscillators. Although this system formally conserves energy and is not explicitly dissipative, we show that it has a nontrivial invariant ... 
Ballistic Graphene Josephson Junctions from the Short to the Long Junction Regimes.
(Physical review letters, 20161202)We investigate the critical current I_{C} of ballistic Josephson junctions made of encapsulated grapheneboronnitride heterostructures. We observe a crossover from the short to the long junction regimes as the length of ... 
Berge–Gabai knots and L–space satellite operations
(Algebraic & Geometric Topology, 20150115)© 2014 Mathematical Sciences Publishers. All rights reserved. Let P(K) be a satellite knot where the pattern P is a Berge–Gabai knot (ie a knot in the solid torus with a nontrivial solid torus Dehn surgery) and the companion ... 
BigSMILES: A StructurallyBased Line Notation for Describing Macromolecules.
(ACS central science, 20190912)Having a compact yet robust structurally based identifier or representation system is a key enabling factor for efficient sharing and dissemination of research results within the chemistry community, and such systems lay ... 
Biodiversity loss from deepsea mining
(Nature Geoscience, 20170701) 
Bounding the outcome of a twophoton interference measurement using weak coherent states
(OPTICS LETTERS, 20180815) 
Challenges encountered during development of Mn porphyrinbased, potent redoxactive drug and superoxide dismutase mimic, MnTnBuOE2PyP5+, and its alkoxyalkyl analogues
(JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY, 20170401) 
Chiral quasiparticle tunneling between quantum Hall edges in proximity with a superconductor
(Physical Review B, 20190910)© 2019 American Physical Society. We study a twoterminal graphene Josephson junction with contacts shaped to form a narrow constriction, less than 100nm in length. The contacts are made from typeII superconducting contacts ... 
Climate and health impacts of US emissions reductions consistent with 2 °C
(Nature Climate Change, 201605)© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. An emissions trajectory for the US consistent with 2 °C warming would require marked societal changes, making it crucial to understand the associated benefits. Previous ...