Now showing items 1-7 of 7

    • A Strategic Model of Magical Thinking: Axioms and Analysis 

      Sadowski, Philipp; Daley, Brendan (Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper, 2014-09-26)
      This paper seeks to make two contributions. First, we propose and analyze a tractable model of strategic play in which players behave as if their expectations about their opponents' behavior vary with their own choices. ...
    • Chimpanzees return favors at a personal cost. 

      Schmelz, M; Grueneisen, S; Kabalak, A; Jost, J; Tomasello, Michael (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2017-06-19)
      Humans regularly provide others with resources at a personal cost to themselves. Chimpanzees engage in some cooperative behaviors in the wild as well, but their motivational underpinnings are unclear. In three experiments, ...
    • Concern for Group Reputation Increases Prosociality in Young Children. 

      Engelmann, JM; Herrmann, E; Tomasello, Michael (Psychol Sci, 2018-02)
      The motivation to build and maintain a positive personal reputation promotes prosocial behavior. But individuals also identify with their groups, and so it is possible that the desire to maintain or enhance group reputation ...
    • Essays on Identification and Promotion of Game-Theoretic Cooperation 

      Moon, Catherine (2018)
      This dissertation looks at how to identify and promote cooperation in a multiagent system, first theoretically through the lens of computational game theory and later empirically through a human subject experiment. Chapter ...
    • Foundations for Cooperation in the Prisoners’ Dilemma 

      Daley, Brendan; Sadowski, Philipp (Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper, 2014-05-07)
      We provide axiomatic foundations for a simple model of play in prisoners' dilemma games. The model accommodates cooperation and suggests that players behave as if their expectations about their opponents' behavior vary with ...
    • Supplement to a Strategic Model of Magical Thinking: Axioms and Analysis 

      Sadowski, Philipp; Daley, Brendan (Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper, 2014-09-26)
      We establish that in the Prisoners' Dilemma, the model of Daley and Sadowski (2014) is logically distinct from three models that employ well-known forms of other-regarding preferences: altruism (Ledyard, 1995; Levine, 1998), ...
    • To Snack or Not to Snack? Children's Self-Regulation in the Presence of Peers 

      Caplin, Phoebe (2019-04-23)
      As established by Walter Mischel through his famous “Marshmallow Task”, children around the age of 4 are able to put of a current, small reward in favor of a later and greater reward (Mischel & Mischel, 1983; Mischel, W. ...