Now showing items 1-20 of 38

    • A Dialogical Approach to Human Rights: Institutions, Culture and Legitimacy 

      Hlavac, Monica Anne (2009)
      In this study I address the moral and cultural disagreement and conflict regarding the interpretation of human rights norms that threatens the legitimacy of the human rights enterprise. Such disagreements present an oppportunity ...
    • A Naturalistic Philosophy of Play 

      Gindele, Nathaniel Cross (2015)
      This is a philosophical work on the subject of play. Organized around a handful of questions, the thesis approaches inquiry by first integrating empirical lines of research and then applying the methods of philosophy. Thhe ...
    • A New Perspective on Sympathy and Its Cultivation, with Insights from the Confucian Tradition 

      Hu, Jing (2017)
      My dissertation aims to show that sympathy, when well-cultivated, is adequate to motivate and produce altruistic behavior in a consistent and reliable manner. I do so by creating a dialogue between the Chinese and Westerrn ...
    • A Study of Aristotelian Demands for Some Psychological Views of the Emotions 

      Santiago, Ana Cristina (2009)
      This dissertation identifies 5 mayor demands regarding the role of the emotions in Aristotelian virtue theories and examines how well some contemporary psychological views of the emotions deal with these issues. The disscussion ...
    • After Confucius: Psychology and Moral Power 

      Sarkissian, Hagop (2008-08-22)
      According to everyday folk psychology, our deliberate goals and intentions, together with our character traits, explain much of our overt behavior. These ways of explaining behavior are pervasive. According to manyy ...
    • Articulating the Core Realist Committment 

      Morton, Nathan D. (2013)
      This thesis comprises an investigation into a very well known and perennial philosophical debate over the interpretive status of our most well confirmed scientific theories, known as "scientific realism." I do not defendd ...
    • Chance Begets Order: Hierarchical Probabilistic Processes in the Natural Sciences 

      Crawford, David Robert (2012)
      At the end of the nineteenth century Charles Sanders Peirce wrote that "chance begets order" - indeterministic or `chancy' processes can underlie orderly and seemingly deterministic processes. Indeed, Peirce argues that ...
    • Culture From Infrahumans to Humans: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology 

      Ramsey, Grant Aaron (2007-05-07)
      It has become increasingly common to explain the behavior of animals—from sperm whales to songbirds—in terms of culture. But what is animal culture, what is its relationship to other biological concepts and to human cuulture, ...
    • Debunking Challenges to Moral Realism 

      Braddock, Matthew C. (2012)
      Heightened awareness of the evolutionary, socio-cultural, and psychological origins of our moral judgments pushes many of us in the direction of moral skepticism, in the direction of doubting the objective truth of our mmoral ...
    • Desire and the Rationality of Virtue 

      Luco, Andres Carlos (2009)
      A classic question in moral philosophy asks "Why be moral?" In other words, what reason or motive do people have to act in accordance with the requirements of morality? In the tradition of Thomas Hobbes and David Hume, tthis ...
    • Evolutionary Models of Language: A Methodological and Philosophical Study 

      Ventura, Rafael (2018)
      My dissertation applies models borrowed from game theory to the evolution of language and the emergence of meaning. To justify the use of such models, I begin in Chapter 1: Quantitative Methods in Philosophy by examiningg ...
    • Flavors of Responsibility 

      Meyer, Susanne (2016)
      In this thesis, I will assess the question of what it means to be responsible for an action, and attempt to unify the various concepts around the conception of answerability. Focusing on that notion, I argue, will gives ...
    • Global Health: A Normative Analysis of Intellectual Property Rights and Global Distributive Justice 

      DeCamp, Matthew Wayne (2007-05-07)
      In the past several years, the impact of intellectual property rights (IPRs) on access to medicines and medical technologies has come under increased scrutiny. Motivating this are highly publicized cases where IPRs apppear ...
    • Inhabiting Difference 

      Ong, James Abordo (2015)
      I investigate how Baruch de Spinoza and Friedrich Nietzsche conceive of difference as bearing a distinctive normative significance for modern social and political life. Both Spinoza and Nietzsche ascribe special importaance ...
    • Irresistible Reasons, Immovable Minds, and the Miracle of Rational Persuasion 

      Martin, Stephen (2014)
      My dissertation is about good arguments and why they fail to persuade. Besides being a common experience of everyday life, this is an old worry of Plato's that continues to motivate two contemporary lines of research. Thhe ...
    • Making Sense of Normative Functions and Information in Neurobiological Systems 

      Kraemer, Daniel Mark (2012)
      In this thesis, I take up two important issues for understanding neurobiological systems: normative functions and information. After introducing the topic and my methodology in chapters 1 and 2, chapter 3 contains an exttended ...
    • Mindcraft: a Dynamical Systems Theory of Cognition 

      Barack, David (2014)
      This dissertation develops a theory of cognition, driven by recent developments in the electrophysiological investigation of the neuronal mechanisms that support adaptive behavior. In the first chapter, I situate the theeory ...
    • Moral Luck, the Failure of Control, and the Ability and Contribution Theory 

      Metz, Joseph (2012)
      We do not want arbitrariness in our moral judgments. In the first half of my thesis, I will discuss moral luck and the problem it poses for assigning moral responsibility in a non-arbitrary manner. Once I have discusseed ...
    • Nietzsche's Revaluation of Philosophy and Poetry 

      Fishman, Daniel (2013-04-25)
      Nietzsche’s dual interest in philosophy and poetry has major ramifications for the both the style and content of Nietzsche’s philosophy. Though most modern philosophical texts consider clarity of argument to bee ...
    • On the Functions of Morality 

      Conrad, Aryn Ashley (2015)
      This dissertation seeks to bring together two philosophical literatures: the functions literature from the philosophy of biology, and the functionalist literature in naturalistic metaethics. Biological function suggests ...