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Life scripts help to maintain autobiographical memories of highly positive, but not highly negative, events.

dc.contributor.author Berntsen, D
dc.contributor.author Rubin, David C
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-20T02:41:12Z
dc.date.issued 2003-01
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12699138
dc.identifier.issn 0090-502X
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10120
dc.description.abstract A representative sample of 1,307 respondents between the ages of 20 and 94 was asked how old they were when they felt most afraid, most proud, most jealous, most in love, and most angry. They were also asked when they had experienced their most important event and whether this event was positive or negative. In general, there was a reminiscence "bump" for positive but not negative events. To provide data on life scripts, 87 psychology students answered the same questions for a hypothetical 70-year-old. The undergraduates were more confident in dating positive than in dating negative events, and when they were confident, the distribution of responses predicted the survey data. The results support the idea of culturally shared life scripts for positive but not negative events, which structure retrieval processes and spaced practice.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Mem Cognit
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Affect
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Aged, 80 and over
dc.subject Autobiography as Topic
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Life Change Events
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Memory
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.title Life scripts help to maintain autobiographical memories of highly positive, but not highly negative, events.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12699138
pubs.begin-page 1
pubs.end-page 14
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 31


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