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The Rational Adolescent: Strategic Information Processing during Decision Making Revealed by Eye Tracking.

dc.contributor.author Cohen, AL
dc.contributor.author Huettel, Scott
dc.contributor.author Kwak, Youngbin
dc.contributor.author Payne, JW
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-08T17:58:25Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26388664
dc.identifier.issn 0885-2014
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/10590
dc.description.abstract Adolescence is often viewed as a time of irrational, risky decision-making - despite adolescents' competence in other cognitive domains. In this study, we examined the strategies used by adolescents (N=30) and young adults (N=47) to resolve complex, multi-outcome economic gambles. Compared to adults, adolescents were more likely to make conservative, loss-minimizing choices consistent with economic models. Eye-tracking data showed that prior to decisions, adolescents acquired more information in a more thorough manner; that is, they engaged in a more analytic processing strategy indicative of trade-offs between decision variables. In contrast, young adults' decisions were more consistent with heuristics that simplified the decision problem, at the expense of analytic precision. Collectively, these results demonstrate a counter-intuitive developmental transition in economic decision making: adolescents' decisions are more consistent with rational-choice models, while young adults more readily engage task-appropriate heuristics.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Cogn Dev
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.cogdev.2015.08.001
dc.subject adolescent
dc.subject decision strategy
dc.subject eye tracking
dc.subject heuristics
dc.title The Rational Adolescent: Strategic Information Processing during Decision Making Revealed by Eye Tracking.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26388664
pubs.begin-page 20
pubs.end-page 30
pubs.organisational-group Basic Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Fuqua School of Business
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Neurobiology
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 36


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