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dc.contributor.authorWu, LT
dc.contributor.authorSwartz, MS
dc.contributor.authorBrady, KT
dc.contributor.authorHoyle, RH
dc.contributor.authorNIDA AAPI Workgroup
dc.coverage.spatialEngland
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-09T04:24:32Z
dc.date.issued2015-05
dc.identifierhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25795093
dc.identifierS0022-3956(15)00066-7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10161/10591
dc.description.abstractDue to changes in cannabis policies, concerns about cannabis use (CU) in adolescents have increased. The population of nonwhite groups is growing quickly in the United States. We examined perceived CU norms and their association with CU and CU disorder (CUD) for White, Black, Hispanic, Native-American, Asian-American, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (NH/PI), and mixed-race adolescents. Data were from adolescents (12-17 years) in the 2004-2012 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N = 163,837). Substance use and CUD were assessed by computer-assisted, self-interviewing methods. Blacks, Hispanics, Native-Americans, and mixed-race adolescents had greater odds of past-year CU and CUD than Whites. Among past-year cannabis users (CUs), Hispanics and Native-Americans had greater odds of having a CUD than Whites. Asian-Americans had the highest prevalence of perceived parental or close friends' CU disapproval. Native-Americans and mixed-race adolescents had lower odds than Whites of perceiving CU disapproval from parents or close friends. In adjusted analyses, adolescent's disapproval of CU, as well as perceived disapproval by parents or close friends, were associated with a decreased odds of CU in each racial/ethnic group, except for NHs/PIs. Adolescent's disapproval of CU was associated with a decreased odds of CUD among CUs for Whites (personal, parental, and close friends' disapproval), Hispanics (personal, parental, and close friends' disapproval), and mixed-race adolescents (personal, close friends' disapproval). Racial/ethnic differences in adolescent CU prevalence were somewhat consistent with adolescents' reports of CU norm patterns. Longitudinal research on CU health effects should oversample nonwhite adolescents to assure an adequate sample for analysis and reporting.
dc.languageeng
dc.relation.ispartofJ Psychiatr Res
dc.relation.isversionof10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.02.022
dc.subjectAsian-Americans
dc.subjectBlacks
dc.subjectCannabis use disorder
dc.subjectHispanics
dc.subjectMarijuana use
dc.subjectMixed-race
dc.subjectNative Hawaiians
dc.subjectNative-Americans
dc.subjectPacific Islanders
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectAge Distribution
dc.subjectAsian Americans
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectEthnic Groups
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMarijuana Smoking
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.subjectReference Values
dc.subjectSelf Report
dc.subjectSocioeconomic Factors
dc.subjectUnited States
dc.titlePerceived cannabis use norms and cannabis use among adolescents in the United States.
dc.typeJournal article
pubs.author-urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25795093
pubs.begin-page79
pubs.end-page87
pubs.organisational-groupCenter for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-groupClinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-groupDuke
pubs.organisational-groupDuke Clinical Research Institute
pubs.organisational-groupDuke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-groupInstitutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-groupInstitutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-groupMedicine
pubs.organisational-groupMedicine, General Internal Medicine
pubs.organisational-groupPsychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-groupPsychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Social and Community Psychiatry
pubs.organisational-groupPsychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-groupSanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-groupSchool of Medicine
pubs.organisational-groupTrinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-groupUniversity Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-statusPublished
pubs.volume64
dc.identifier.eissn1879-1379


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