Amino acid permeases require COPII components and the ER resident membrane protein Shr3p for packaging into transport vesicles in vitro.
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In S. cerevisiae lacking SHR3, amino acid permeases specifically accumulate in membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and fail to be transported to the plasma membrane. We examined the requirements of transport of the permeases from the ER to the Golgi in vitro. Addition of soluble COPII components (Sec23/24p, Sec13/31p, and Sar1p) to yeast membrane preparations generated vesicles containing the general amino acid permease. Gap1p, and the histidine permease, Hip1p. Shr3p was required for the packaging of Gap1p and Hip1p but was not itself incorporated into transport vesicles. In contrast, the packaging of the plasma membrane ATPase, Pma1p, and the soluble yeast pheromone precursor, glycosylated pro alpha factor, was independent of Shr3p. In addition, we show that integral membrane and soluble cargo colocalize in transport vesicles, indicating that different types of cargo are not segregated at an early step in secretion. Our data suggest that specific ancillary proteins in the ER membrane recruit subsets of integral membrane protein cargo into COPII transport vesicles.
SubjectATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
Amino Acid Transport Systems
Amino Acid Transport Systems, Basic
Biological Transport, Active
Membrane Transport Proteins
Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins
Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Vesicular Transport Proteins
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Associate Professor of Biochemistry
Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) causes traveler's diarrhea and infant mortality in underdeveloped countries, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen for immunocompromised patients. Like all gram negative bacteria studied to date, ETEC and P. aeruginosa produce small outer membrane vesicles that can serve as delivery "bombs" to host tissues. Vesicles contain a subset of outer membrane and soluble periplasmic proteins and lipids. In tissues and sera of infected hosts,
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