The Intellectuals in Northern China and The Abolition of the Civil Service Examinations: Minds and Identities
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In order to understand the impact of the abolition of the civil service examinations, I examine the lives of Chinese intellectuals during 1895-1910. I investigate their behaviors, emotions, and living environment, and explore how intellectuals retained positions in society through various channels and compare different patterns of their psychological change. What I discover is that stratification among local elites promoted them to discover their new identities in the transition from the Qing dynasty to the Republican government: they were trying to become pure intellectuals or scholar-officials before the dramatic changes of the civil service examinations; however, during the republican times, they would explore their new life path and gradually shape their unique understanding of modernization.
DepartmentGraduate Liberal Studies
CitationXiang, Shiyi (2015). The Intellectuals in Northern China and The Abolition of the Civil Service Examinations: Minds and Identities. Master's thesis, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10756.
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Rights for Collection: Graduate Liberal Studies