Critical appraisal of four IL-6 immunoassays.
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BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) contributes to numerous inflammatory, metabolic, and physiologic pathways of disease. We evaluated four IL-6 immunoassays in order to identify a reliable assay for studies of metabolic and physical function. Serial plasma samples from intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTTs), with expected rises in IL-6 concentrations, were used to test the face validity of the various assays. METHODS AND FINDINGS: IVGTTs, administered to 14 subjects, were performed with a single infusion of glucose (0.3 g/kg body mass) at time zero, a single infusion of insulin (0.025 U/kg body mass) at 20 minutes, and frequent blood collection from time zero to 180 minutes for subsequent Il-6 measurement. The performance metrics of four IL-6 detection methods were compared: Meso Scale Discovery immunoassay (MSD), an Invitrogen Luminex bead-based multiplex panel (LX), an Invitrogen Ultrasensitive Luminex bead-based singleplex assay (ULX), and R&D High Sensitivity ELISA (R&D). IL-6 concentrations measured with MSD, R&D and ULX correlated with each other (Pearson Correlation Coefficients r = 0.47-0.94, p<0.0001) but only ULX correlated (r = 0.31, p = 0.0027) with Invitrogen Luminex. MSD, R&D, and ULX, but not LX, detected increases in IL-6 in response to glucose. All plasma samples were measurable by MSD, while 35%, 1%, and 4.3% of samples were out of range when measured by LX, ULX, and R&D, respectively. Based on representative data from the MSD assay, baseline plasma IL-6 (0.90 ± 0.48 pg/mL) increased significantly as expected by 90 minutes (1.29 ± 0.59 pg/mL, p = 0.049), and continued rising through 3 hours (4.25 ± 3.67 pg/mL, p = 0.0048). CONCLUSION: This study established the face validity of IL-6 measurement by MSD, R&D, and ULX but not LX, and the superiority of MSD with respect to dynamic range. Plasma IL-6 concentrations increase in response to glucose and insulin, consistent with both an early glucose-dependent response (detectable at 1-2 hours) and a late insulin-dependent response (detectable after 2 hours).
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0030659
Publication InfoThompson, Dana K; Huffman, Kim M; Kraus, William E; & Kraus, Virginia Byers (2012). Critical appraisal of four IL-6 immunoassays. PLoS One, 7(2). pp. e30659. 10.1371/journal.pone.0030659. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10874.
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Kim Marie Huffman
Associate Professor of Medicine
Determining the role of physical activity in modulating health outcomes (cardiovascular disease risk) in persons with rheumatologic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis) Integrating clinical rheumatology, basic immunology, metabolism, and exercise science in order to reduce morbidity in individuals with arthritis Evaluating relationships between circulating and intra-muscular metabolic intermediates and insulin resistance in sedentary as well as indiv
Virginia Byers Kraus
Mary Bernheim Distinguished Professor of Medicine
My special area of expertise is as a clinician scientist investigating osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of joint disease in man and its incidence increases with age. It is a problem of increasing concern to the medical community due to the increasing longevity of the population. Trained as a molecular biologist and a Rheumatologist, I endeavor to study this disease from bedside to bench. The work in this laboratory focuses on osteoarthritis and deals w
William Erle Kraus
Richard and Pat Johnson University Distinguished Professor
My training, expertise and research interests range from human integrative physiology and genetics to animal exercise models to cell culture models of skeletal muscle adaptation to mechanical stretch. I am trained clinically as an internist and preventive cardiologist, with particular expertise in preventive cardiology and cardiac rehabilitation. My research training spans molecular biology and cell culture, molecular genetics, and integrative human exercise physiology and metabolism. I pr
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