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Staying cool when things get hot: emotion regulation modulates neural mechanisms of memory encoding.

dc.contributor.author Hayes, Jasmeet Pannu
dc.contributor.author Morey, Rajendra A
dc.contributor.author Petty, Christopher M
dc.contributor.author Seth, Srishti
dc.contributor.author Smoski, Moria J
dc.contributor.author McCarthy, Gregory
dc.contributor.author Labar, Kevin S
dc.coverage.spatial Switzerland
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-14T01:32:10Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21212840
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10888
dc.description.abstract During times of emotional stress, individuals often engage in emotion regulation to reduce the experiential and physiological impact of negative emotions. Interestingly, emotion regulation strategies also influence memory encoding of the event. Cognitive reappraisal is associated with enhanced memory while expressive suppression is associated with impaired explicit memory of the emotional event. However, the mechanism by which these emotion regulation strategies affect memory is unclear. We used event-related fMRI to investigate the neural mechanisms that give rise to memory formation during emotion regulation. Twenty-five participants viewed negative pictures while alternately engaging in cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, or passive viewing. As part of the subsequent memory design, participants returned to the laboratory two weeks later for a surprise memory test. Behavioral results showed a reduction in negative affect and a retention advantage for reappraised stimuli relative to the other conditions. Imaging results showed that successful encoding during reappraisal was uniquely associated with greater co-activation of the left inferior frontal gyrus, amygdala, and hippocampus, suggesting a possible role for elaborative encoding of negative memories. This study provides neurobehavioral evidence that engaging in cognitive reappraisal is advantageous to both affective and mnemonic processes.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA
dc.relation.ispartof Front Hum Neurosci
dc.relation.isversionof 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00230
dc.subject amygdala
dc.subject arousal
dc.subject cognitive reappraisal
dc.subject declarative memory
dc.subject expressive suppression
dc.subject hippocampus
dc.subject left inferior frontal gyrus
dc.subject subsequent memory paradigm
dc.title Staying cool when things get hot: emotion regulation modulates neural mechanisms of memory encoding.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Morey, Rajendra A|0288586
duke.contributor.id Smoski, Moria J|0308744
duke.contributor.id Labar, Kevin S|0230529
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21212840
pubs.begin-page 230
pubs.organisational-group Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Duke-UNC Center for Brain Imaging and Analysis
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Translational Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 4
dc.identifier.eissn 1662-5161
duke.contributor.orcid Labar, Kevin S|0000-0002-8253-5417


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