Community-based HCV screening: knowledge and attitudes in a high risk urban population.
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BACKGROUND: In an attempt to curtail the rising morbidity and mortality from undiagnosed HCV (hepatitis C virus) in the United States, screening guidelines have been expanded to high-risk individuals and persons born 1945-1965. Community-based screening may be one strategy in which to reach such persons; however, the acceptance of HCV testing, when many high-risk individuals may not have access to HCV specific medications, remains unknown. METHODS: We set out to assess attitudes about HCV screening and knowledge about HCV disease at several community-based testing sites that serve high-risk populations. This assessment was paired with a brief HCV educational intervention, followed by post-education evaluation. RESULTS: Participants (n = 140) were surveyed at five sites; two homeless shelters, two drug rehabilitation centers, and a women's "drop-in" center. Personal acceptance of HCV testing was almost unanimous, and 90% of participants reported that they would still want to be tested even if they were unable to receive HCV treatment. Baseline hepatitis C knowledge was poor; however, the brief educational intervention significantly improved knowledge and increased acceptability of testing when medical access issues were explicitly stated. CONCLUSIONS: Despite inconsistencies in access to care and treatment, high-risk communities want to know their HCV status. Though baseline HCV knowledge was poor in this population, a brief on-site educational intervention improved both knowledge and acceptability of HCV testing and care. These data support the establishment of programs that utilize community-based screening, and also provide initial evidence for acceptance of the implementation of the recently expanded screening guidelines among marginalized communities.
Community Health Services
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1186/1471-2334-14-74
Publication InfoGoswami, ND; Hecker, Emily; Huffman, Kim Marie; Landgraf, A; Naggie, Susanna; Norton, BL; ... Voils, Corrine Ione (2014). Community-based HCV screening: knowledge and attitudes in a high risk urban population. BMC Infect Dis, 14. pp. 74. 10.1186/1471-2334-14-74. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/11641.
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Associate Professor of Medicine
Determining the role of physical activity in modulating health outcomes (cardiovascular disease risk) in persons with rheumatologic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis) Integrating clinical rheumatology, basic immunology, metabolism, and exercise science in order to reduce morbidity in individuals with arthritis Evaluating relationships between circulating and intra-muscular metabolic intermediates and insulin resistance in sedentary as well as indiv
Associate Professor of Medicine
Dr. Susanna Naggie completed her medical education at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and her internal medicine training at Duke University Medical Center (DUMC), where she also served as a Chief Resident in Internal Medicine. She completed her Infectious Diseases (ID) fellowship training at Duke and then joined the faculty in the Division of ID. She is an Associate Professor of Medicine with Tenure and currently holds joint appointments at the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI, D
Professor of Medicine
My research focuses on the epidemiology, natural history, and treatment of tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. I am also interested in the impact of HIV infection on mycobacterial infection and disease, and in examining health disparities as they relate to infectious diseases, particularly in immigrant populations.
Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine
Randomized trials of behavioral interventions; adherence to treatment regimens; spousal support in chronic disease management, mixed research synthesis; measurement of self-reported medication nonadherence
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