Randomized trial on mindfulness training for smokers targeted to a disadvantaged population.
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We report the results of a randomized trial comparing a novel smoking cessation treatment Mindfulness Training for Smokers (MTS) to a usual care therapy (Controls), which included the availability of a tobacco quit line and nicotine patches. Data were collected from 196 low socioeconomic status smokers in 2010-2011 in Madison, Wisconsin. Participants were randomized to either MTS or a telephonic quit line. The primary outcome was 6-month smoking abstinence measured by carbon monoxide breath testing and Time-Line Follow-Back. Among treatment initiators (randomized participants who participated in the intervention), abstinence rates were significantly different between the MTS (38.7%) and control (20.6%, p = .05) groups. Study limitations are also discussed. Results suggest that further study is warranted.
Tobacco Use Disorder
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.3109/10826084.2013.770025
Publication InfoDavis, James M; Goldberg, Simon B; Anderson, Maggie C; Manley, Alison R; Smith, Stevens S; & Baker, Timothy B (2014). Randomized trial on mindfulness training for smokers targeted to a disadvantaged population. Subst Use Misuse, 49(5). pp. 571-585. 10.3109/10826084.2013.770025. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/11684.
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Associate Professor of Medicine
Dr. James Davis is a practicing physician of Internal Medicine, and serves as the Medical Director for Duke Center for Smoking Cessation, Director of the Duke Smoking Cessation Program and Co-Director of the Duke-UNC Tobacco Treatment Specialist Credentialing Program. His research focuses on development of new pharmaceutical treatments for smoking cessation. He is principal investigator on several trials including a study on “adaptive” smoking cessation and several trials