Show simple item record Davis, JM Mills, DM Stankevitz, KA Manley, AR Majeskie, MR Smith, SS
dc.coverage.spatial England 2016-03-02T13:32:57Z 2013-09-03
dc.identifier 1472-6882-13-215
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: We report results of a pilot study designed to test a novel smoking cessation intervention, Mindfulness Training for Smokers (MTS), in smokers age 18-29 years with regular episodes of binge drinking. Mindfulness is a cognitive skill of applying close moment-to-moment attention to experience with a mental posture of acceptance and non-reactivity. The MTS intervention consisted of six weekly classes that provided instruction on how to use mindfulness to manage known precursors of smoking relapse including smoking triggers, strong emotions, stressful situations, addictive thoughts, urges, and withdrawal symptoms. METHODS: The MTS intervention was compared to Interactive Learning for Smokers (ILS), a time/intensity matched control group using daily non-directed walking instead of mindfulness meditation. Recruitment was conducted primarily at local technical colleges. Primary outcome measures included biochemically-confirmed smoking abstinence and reduction in alcohol use at the end of treatment (2-weeks post-quit attempt). RESULTS: The sample (N = 55) was 70.9% male, with a mean age of 21.9 years, and a mean of 11.76 alcoholic drinks consumed per week. Intent-to-treat analysis showed biochemically-confirmed 7-day point prevalence abstinence rates at 2-weeks post-quit for MTS = 20.0% and ILS = 4.0%, p = .08. Secondary analysis showed number of drinks per week in the first 2-weeks post-quit correlated with smoking relapse at 2-weeks post-quit (p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrated that Mindfulness Training for Smokers shows promise for smoking cessation and alcohol use reduction in treating young adult smokers with alcohol abuse. Results suggest the need for a study with larger sample size and methods that reduce attrition. TRIAL REGISTRATION:, NCT01679236.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof BMC Complement Altern Med
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1186/1472-6882-13-215
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Analysis of Variance
dc.subject Binge Drinking
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Mindfulness
dc.subject Pilot Projects
dc.subject Smoking Cessation
dc.subject Tobacco Use Disorder
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.title Pilot randomized trial on mindfulness training for smokers in young adult binge drinkers.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.begin-page 215
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Cancer Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Medicine, Hospitalists
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.publication-status Published online
pubs.volume 13
dc.identifier.eissn 1472-6882

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