Participant, rater, and computer measures of coherence in posttraumatic stress disorder.
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We examined the coherence of trauma memories in a trauma-exposed community sample of 30 adults with and 30 without posttraumatic stress disorder. The groups had similar categories of traumas and were matched on multiple factors that could affect the coherence of memories. We compared the transcribed oral trauma memories of participants with their most important and most positive memories. A comprehensive set of 28 measures of coherence including 3 ratings by the participants, 7 ratings by outside raters, and 18 computer-scored measures, provided a variety of approaches to defining and measuring coherence. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated differences in coherence among the trauma, important, and positive memories, but not between the diagnostic groups or their interaction with these memory types. Most differences were small in magnitude; in some cases, the trauma memories were more, rather than less, coherent than the control memories. Where differences existed, the results agreed with the existing literature, suggesting that factors other than the incoherence of trauma memories are most likely to be central to the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder and thus its treatment.
Life Change Events
Sense of Coherence
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1037/abn0000126
Publication InfoRubin, David C; Deffler, Samantha A; Ogle, Christin M; Dowell, Nia M; Graesser, Arthur C; & Beckham, Jean C (2016). Participant, rater, and computer measures of coherence in posttraumatic stress disorder. J Abnorm Psychol, 125(1). pp. 11-25. 10.1037/abn0000126. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12022.
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Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Interest in assessment and treatment of trauma, particularly as occurs for both women and men during military service; focus in treatment outcome of differential and collective contribution for psychopharmacological and behavioral interventions in PTSD populations; long term physical health effects of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.
Juanita M. Kreps Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
For .pdfs of all publications click here My main research interest has been in long-term memory, especially for complex (or "real-world") stimuli. This work includes the study of autobiographical memory and oral tra
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