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Participant, rater, and computer measures of coherence in posttraumatic stress disorder.

dc.contributor.author Beckham, JC
dc.contributor.author Deffler, SA
dc.contributor.author Dowell, NM
dc.contributor.author Graesser, AC
dc.contributor.author Ogle, Christin
dc.contributor.author Rubin, David C
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-15T16:00:48Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26523945
dc.identifier 2015-49420-001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/12022
dc.description.abstract We examined the coherence of trauma memories in a trauma-exposed community sample of 30 adults with and 30 without posttraumatic stress disorder. The groups had similar categories of traumas and were matched on multiple factors that could affect the coherence of memories. We compared the transcribed oral trauma memories of participants with their most important and most positive memories. A comprehensive set of 28 measures of coherence including 3 ratings by the participants, 7 ratings by outside raters, and 18 computer-scored measures, provided a variety of approaches to defining and measuring coherence. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated differences in coherence among the trauma, important, and positive memories, but not between the diagnostic groups or their interaction with these memory types. Most differences were small in magnitude; in some cases, the trauma memories were more, rather than less, coherent than the control memories. Where differences existed, the results agreed with the existing literature, suggesting that factors other than the incoherence of trauma memories are most likely to be central to the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder and thus its treatment.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof J Abnorm Psychol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1037/abn0000126
dc.subject Adaptation, Psychological
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Life Change Events
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Memory
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Sense of Coherence
dc.subject Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
dc.title Participant, rater, and computer measures of coherence in posttraumatic stress disorder.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26523945
pubs.begin-page 11
pubs.end-page 25
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 125
dc.identifier.eissn 1939-1846


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