The frequency of involuntary autobiographical memories and future thoughts in relation to daydreaming, emotional distress, and age.
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We introduce a new scale, the Involuntary Autobiographical Memory Inventory (IAMI), for measuring the frequency of involuntary autobiographical memories and involuntary future thoughts. Using the scale in relation to other psychometric and demographic measures provided three important, novel findings. First, the frequency of involuntary and voluntary memories and future thoughts are similarly related to general measures of emotional distress. This challenges the idea that the involuntary mode is uniquely associated with emotional distress. Second, the frequency of involuntary autobiographical remembering does not decline with age, whereas measures of daydreaming, suppression of unwanted thoughts and dissociative experiences all do. Thus, involuntary autobiographical remembering relates differently to aging than daydreaming and other forms of spontaneous and uncontrollable thoughts. Third, unlike involuntary autobiographical remembering, the frequency of future thoughts does decrease with age. This finding underscores the need for examining past and future mental time travel in relation to aging and life span development.
Episodic future thinking
Involuntary autobiographical memories
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.concog.2015.07.007
Publication InfoBerntsen, D; Rubin, David C; & Salgado, S (2015). The frequency of involuntary autobiographical memories and future thoughts in relation to daydreaming, emotional distress, and age. Conscious Cogn, 36. pp. 352-372. 10.1016/j.concog.2015.07.007. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12024.
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Juanita M. Kreps Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience
For .pdfs of all publications click here My main research interest has been in long-term memory, especially for complex (or "real-world") stimuli. This work includes the study of autobiographical memory