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Accounting for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Severity With Pre- and Posttrauma Measures: A Longitudinal Study of Older Adults.

dc.contributor.author Ogle, CM
dc.contributor.author Rubin, DC
dc.contributor.author Siegler, IC
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-15T16:03:06Z
dc.date.issued 2016-03
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27004143
dc.identifier.issn 2167-7026
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12025
dc.description.abstract Using data from a longitudinal study of community-dwelling older adults, we analyzed the most extensive set of known correlates of PTSD symptoms obtained from a single sample to examine the measures' independent and combined utility in accounting for PTSD symptom severity. Fifteen measures identified as PTSD risk factors in published meta-analyses and 12 theoretically and empirically supported individual difference and health-related measures were included. Individual difference measures assessed after the trauma, including insecure attachment and factors related to the current trauma memory, such as self-rated severity, event centrality, frequency of involuntary recall, and physical reactions to the memory, accounted for symptom severity better than measures of pre-trauma factors. In an analysis restricted to prospective measures assessed before the trauma, the total variance explained decreased from 56% to 16%. Results support a model of PTSD in which characteristics of the current trauma memory promote the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Association for Psychological Science
dc.relation.ispartof Clin Psychol Sci
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1177/2167702615583227
dc.subject PTSD
dc.subject autobiographical memory
dc.subject older adults
dc.subject risk factors
dc.subject trauma
dc.title Accounting for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Severity With Pre- and Posttrauma Measures: A Longitudinal Study of Older Adults.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Rubin, DC|0096042
duke.contributor.id Siegler, IC|0097025
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27004143
pubs.begin-page 272
pubs.end-page 286
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 4


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