Molecular Design for Nonlinear Optical Materials and Molecular Interferometers Using Quantum Chemical Computations
Quantum chemical computations provide convenient and effective ways for molecular design using computers. In this dissertation, the molecular designs of optimal nonlinear optical (NLO) materials were investigated through three aspects. First, an inverse molecular design method was developed using a linear combination of atomic potential approach based on a Hückel-like tight-binding framework, and the optimizations of NLO properties were shown to be both efficient and effective. Second, for molecules with large first-hyperpolarizabilities, a new donor-carbon-nanotube paradigm was proposed and analyzed. Third, frequency-dependent first-hyperpolarizabilities were predicted and interpreted based on experimental linear absorption spectra and Thomas-Kuhn sum rules. Finally, molecular interferometers were designed to control charge-transfer using vibrational excitation. In particular, an ab initio vibronic pathway analysis was developed to describe inelastic electron tunneling, and the mechanism of vibronic pathway interferences was explored.
Engineering, Materials Science
Controlled charge transfer
Inverse molecular design
Molecular electronic devices
Nonlinear optical materials
More InfoShow full item record
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.
Rights for Collection: Duke Dissertations