Mathematical Modeling of Perifusion Cell Culture Experiments
In perifusion cell cultures, the culture medium flows continuously through a chamber containing immobilized cells and the effluent is collected at the end. In our main applications, gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) or oxytocin is introduced into the chamber as the input. They stimulate the cells to secrete luteinizing hormone (LH), which is collected in the effluent. To relate the effluent LH concentration to the cellular processes producing it, we develop and analyze a mathematical model consisting of coupled partial differential equations describing the intracellular signaling and the movement of substances in the cell chamber. We analyze three different data sets and give cellular mechanisms that explain the data. Our model indicates that two negative feedback loops, one fast and one slow, are needed to explain the data and we give their biological bases. We demonstrate that different LH outcomes in oxytocin and GnRH stimulations might originate from different receptor dynamics. We analyze the model to understand the influence of parameters, like the rate of the medium flow or the fraction collection time, on the experimental outcomes. We investigate how the rate of binding and dissociation of the input hormone to and from its receptor influence its movement down the chamber. Finally, we formulate and analyze simpler models that allow us to predict the distortion of a square pulse due to hormone-receptor interactions and to estimate parameters using perifusion data. We show that in the limit of high binding and dissociation the square pulse moves as a diffusing Gaussian and in this limit the biological parameters can be estimated.
Method of Characteristics
Perifusion Cell Culture
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