Facilitators and Barriers to Naloxone Kit Use Among Opioid-Dependent Patients Seeking Treatment at Medication Assisted Therapy Clinics in North Carolina, USA
Naloxone – an opioid antagonist that reverses the effects of opioids, including potential death from overdose – is increasingly being distributed in non-medical settings. We conducted a mixed methods study administering a survey to 100 treatment seekers and pursuing observant participation at four methadone/buprenorphine Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) clinics in North Carolina, USA. Female participants were more likely to have gotten a kit and to carry it with them, whereas male participants were more likely to have witnessed an overdose and to have made use of naloxone. Men discussed the difficulties of carrying the naloxone kits, which are currently too large to fit in a pocket. Public health officials may be relieved to know that naloxone users intend to call emergency services.
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