Clean Cookstoves and Health in Samlout, Cambodia
This paper discusses results from a study of the use of cleaner cooking solutions and general health status of people in rural areas from the Battambang province of Cambodia. Data collection included 372 demographic, health and socio-economic surveys with households living in 6 villages in the Samlout district, general health examinations, and measurements of stove use and household concentrations of PM 2.5. The data reveal that health in this population is a major concern, with a very high prevalence of reported abdominal pain, nausea, chronic cough, chest pains, and fever during examinations. At the household level, we find that clean stove ownership is significantly correlated with the educational status of household head and socio-economic status of a household. Respondents from households with clean stoves appear less likely (though not statistically significantly so) to report household individuals having health problems such as occasional cough, high blood pressure and tuberculosis. Concentrations of PM2.5 are positively correlated with prevalence of occasional cough, high blood pressure and tuberculosis. Based on these results, we advise field testing and evaluation of targeted health interventions in these villages to address the numerous concerns of the local population, including exploring the potential role of clean stoves.
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